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You will prepare and submit a term paper on Law: Geneva Convention. Your paper should be a minimum of 2250 words in length. There are additional sets of rules that address the extension of the action field and relating it to any individual, who participates in armed conflict. These additional protocols require the combatants to refrain from attacking civilians and their property. These protocols also require conflicting sides to respect and carry out their military operations in compliance with international human rights laws1.
Some of the objectives of the Geneva Convention are described in the sequel. It aims to protect the victims of armed conflicts. For this purpose, the convention had provided a set of written rules for universal application. These rules are applicable to any state regardless of whether the nation is a member of the Convention or not. Thus the convention has a multilateral nature that encompasses all the nations of the world. This Convention requires the nations of the world to extend their protection and care without any discrimination to the wounded and sick members of the armed forces2.
There are customary laws that are applicable to all wars and these have been in existence for quite some time. These rules of war are applicable to every country, irrespective of whether it is a member of the Geneva Convention. War crimes are violations of the customary laws of war. The Geneva Convention lays down certain rights under Article 3 of Convention I. These rights are part and parcel of basic human rights, and include the right not to be tortured, mutilated, raped, taken into slavery, and not to be killed willfully. These customary laws also prohibit genocide and certain crimes against humanity. A breach of the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide is deemed to be genocide. Under this Convention, genocide is considered to be a crime and attracts the provisions of international law. Genocide should not be perpetrated, in any manner, either during times of peace or in times of war. It is defined by the Convention as acts that aim to bring about the destruction of a nation either wholly or in part.