ARTICLE REVIEW 10
Why do people discriminate and stigmatize the mentally ill youths and how can this behavior be dealt with?
Toshia R. Hardman
BEHS 495 Advance Seminar in Social Science
21 April 2019
Running head: ARTICLE REVIEW III 2
Gordon, l. R., Krieger, N., Okechukwu, C. A., Haneuse, S., Samnaliev, M., Charlton, B. M., & Austin, S. B. (2017). Decrements in health-related quality of life associated with gender nonconformity among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Quality of Life Research, 2129-2138.
The journal represent psychology by studying changes in the mind and psychology through exploration of health worsening and quality of life. Gender nonconformity refers to a scenario where individuals exhibit characteristics that are common with the opposite gender. Gender nonconforming persons complain of discrimination from both sides of gender. The study identified everyday stressors facing gender non-conforming persons, which were compared to health-related quality of life (HRQRL) while focusing on young people as respondents.
Research findings revealed that gender nonconformity was directly related to several social problems such as discernment that may lead to the development of mental illnesses. Respondents identified; depression, discomfort, unusual activity, and mobility obstinacy as common problems they go through. The study recommended an aggregated initiative from all social quarters to put up efforts focused awareness on gender nonconformity. In relation to the research question, gender non-conformity on of the reasons why young people are discriminated. To deal with stigma and discernment, aggregated efforts are required to promote awareness and change a social behavior.
Corrigan, P. W., Bink, A. B., Fokuo, J. K., & Schmidt, A. (2015). The public stigma of mental illness means a difference between you and me. Psychiatry Research, 226(1), 186-191.
The article studies human behaviors, human culture and functioning of the mind, touching on three disciplines; anthropology, psychology and sociology. People with a mental health condition suffer from discrimination from the public a vice that bumps their road to recovery. Upon recovery, the society offer a cold shoulder hampering their repatriate to social status. The study inspected the psychometrics of several assessments of supposed transformation from an individual through mental illness. A comparison of mental illness and other ailments was done and basis of supposed dissimilarity scale were likened.
The results revealed a positive relationship between differential scores and stereotypes and a negative correlation with affirming attitudes. In conclusion, the study showed an efficient ration of stigma change where individuals have gone through mental illness as their perception shift following their experience. Outcomes from the experiment offer remedy the research question. Human form discriminating tendencies based on accounts they have not experienced, there is a change in perception when people experience accounts they were discriminatory over.
Gronholm, P. C., Thornicroft, G., Laurens, K. R., & Evans-Lacko, S. (2017). Conditional disclosure on pathways to care: coping preferences of young people at risk of psychosis. Qualitative health research, 27(12), 1842-1855.
The study represents two disciplines; psychology and anthropology. The foundation of the experiment is human behaviors and mind propensities. The study identified a gap in interlinkage between stigma in adolescents and children and helped seeking. The objective of the study was to find out the most preferred coping methods by adolescents and child who are at of psychosis. The research took a general view of stigmatization while identifying the target population. On one end persistent psychotic-like tendencies qualified participants while different support structure formed a pool of care resources. The findings established stigma to influence psychotic-like behaviors in children and adolescent and how they sought support. In relation to the research question, stigma hinder adolescents from seeking help and so dealing with stigma will allow children to seek help.
O’Driscoll, C., Heary, C., Hennessy, E., & McKeague, L. (2015). Adolescents’ explanations for the exclusion of peers with mental health problems: An insight into stigma. Journal of Adolescent Research, 30(6), 710-728.
The article is based on three disciplines namely; anthropology, sociology and psychology. The experiment inspects how and why certain behaviors are formed within social circles. Mental related illnesses require a combination of clinical care and psychotherapy sessions, psychotherapy sessions allow patients to go back to their former lives. Discrimination of any kind will make recovery complex and even risk relapse. The society, however, is still on letting go of stereotyped-tendencies towards mental illnesses patients.
In the end, the trial identified perceived personal and social risks as a key reason behind the discrimination. The expectation from peers also was defined as a critical reason for exclusion. The study recommended the establishment of a framework to deal with the stigmatization of mental illness patients in the adolescent age. In relation to research statement this article examined why discrimination occur leading to a proposal on how discrimination can be dealt with within social groups.
Patel, S. G., Tabb, K. M., Strambler, M. J., & Eltareb, F. (2015). Newcomer immigrant adolescents and ambiguous discrimination: The role of cognitive appraisal. Journal of Adolescent Research, 30(1), 7-30.
The study was based on three disciplines; psychology, anthropology and sociology. This research focused on discrimination towards newcomer immigrants by local residents and how the problem can be dealt with from the victim perspective. Migrations from one to another is a common phenomenon, as people move to new areas in search of a better life. Families move together with their children who join the new communities they find. On numerous occasion cases are reported where children are harassed and bullied at home and school in the first year of relocation. Discrimination make it hard for adolescents to cope in a new environment. The focus was on acknowledgment to discrimination and the extent of severity in relation to academic performance. Mediation effect was present in younger immigrates and rare in older adolescents. The findings show that discrimination adolescents are likely to cause more harm at an older age than younger age due to lack of a coping mechanism. The experiment recommended the establishment of a framework to assist newcomer immigrants to adapt their new environment to avoid psychological complications. In relation to the research question this experiment accounts for cognitive effects of discrimination further answering on why discrimination should be dealt with and how discrimination can be dealt with.
Hutchinson, K., Roberts, C., Daly, M., Bulsara, C., & Kurrle, S. (2016). Empowerment of young people who have a parent living with dementia: a social model perspective. International Psychogeriatrics, 657-668.
The study represents three discipline; psychology, anthropology and sociology by studying how a structure can be developed after observing behaviors and solving the problem by empowering the mind. Is not easy to live with sick parents; this is the challenge the study intended to solve by looking at adequate support that can be offered to young people whose parent has dementia.
The survey attracted twelve participants whose qualitative data was collected and analyzed. The findings elaborated how marginalization happened to young people whose parents had dementia. In conclusion, the study recommended the need for cooperation to facilitate young people whose parents are affected to access support service. In relations to the research question this article offers a solution of how discrimination can be resolved through empowering the affected youth.
Perry, N. S., Chaplo, S. D., & Baucom, K. J. (2017). The impact of cumulative minority stress on cognitive behavioral treatment with gender minority individuals: case study and clinical recommendations. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 24(4), 472- 483.
The journal represent two disciplines; psychology by looking impact of stress cognitive behaviors and going further to offer solutions. The second underlying discipline is anthropology where certain behaviours are observed forming the basis of the study. Belonging to a gender minority group might attract mental, behavioral treatment form members of a majority group. The paper looked at various challenges facing gender minority on a clinical perspective. The paper used a case study to gather information. In the end, the study recommended clinical interventions to assist persons of gender minority groups in adapting. In relation to the research question, the study offers a solution on how gender minority individuals can deal with stress.
Pitoňák, M. (2017). Mental health in non-heterosexuals: Minority stress theory and related explanation frameworks review. Mental Health & Prevention, 63-73.
The study captures two disciplines one being sociology through looking at social structure; a minority group. The second discipline is psychology, as it targets dissect mental stress the study engrossed to mental health in heterosexual groups reviewing related causes of mental disorders. The study compared heterosexuals and non-heterosexual enquiring their prevalence to mental disorders. A review of the outcome showed no Signiant difference in prevalence to mental disorders. In relation to the research question the study through its recommendations offers solutions on how discrimination should be dealt with.
Katza-Wise, S. L., Ehrensaft, D., Veters, R., Forcier, M., & Austin, B. (2018). Family Functioning and Mental Health of Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project. Journal of Sex Education, 582- 590.
The article represents two disciplines; psychology and sociology. The article insists on human tendencies and functioning of culture. This study examines the role of families in ensuring that gender-nonconforming youth and transgender are shielded from exposure to mental health issues. The experiment attracted 33 families each with a transgender member aged 13 to 17. The test also involved 48 cisgender caregivers and 15 non-transgender relations. In the end the study, efficient functioning families were linked to low risk of mental health-related illnesses, while the risk of related diseases was common in less functioning families. In relation to the research statement the article clearly shows a difference between a functioning family setup and a non-functional family towards youths with mental illnesses insisting that existence of a functional family encourage youths dealing with mental illnesses.
References Gordon, l. R., Krieger, N., Okechukwu, C. A., Haneuse, S., Samnaliev, M., Charlton, B. M., & Austin, S. B. (2017). Decrements in health-related quality of life associated with gender nonconformity among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Quality of Life Research, 2129-2138. Gronholm, P. C., Thornicroft, G., Laurens, K. R., & Evans-Lacko, S. (2017). Conditional Disclosure on Pathways to Care: Coping Preferences of Young People at Risk of Psychosis. Qualitative Health Research, 1842–1855. Hutchinson, K., Roberts, C., Daly, M., Bulsara, C., & Kurrle, S. (2016). Empowerment of young people who have a parent living with dementia: a social model perspective. International Psychogeriatrics, 657-668. Katza-Wise, S. L., Ehrensaft, D., Veters, R., Forcier, M., & Austin, B. (2018). Family Functioning and Mental Health of Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project. Journal of Sex Education, 582-590. O’Driscoll, C., Heary, C., Hennessy, E., & McKeague. (2014). Adolescents’ Explanations for the Exclusion of Peers With Mental Health Problems: An Insight Into Stigma. Journal of Adolescent Research, 710-728. Patel, S. G., Tabb, K. M., Strambler, M. J., & Eltareb, F. (2015). Newcomer Immigrant Adolescents and Ambiguous Discrimination: The Role of Cognitive Appraisals.,. Journal of Adolescent Research, 7-30. Pitoňák, M. (2017). Mental health in non-heterosexuals: Minority stress theory and related explanation frameworks review. Mental Health & Prevention, 63-73. Perry, N. S., Chaplo, S. D., & Baucom, K. J. (2017). The impact of cumulative minority stress on cognitive behavioral treatment with gender minority individuals: case study and clinical recommendations. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 24(4), 472-483. Corrigan, P. W., Bink, A. B., Fokuo, J. K., & Schmidt, A. (2015). The public stigma of mental illness means a difference between you and me. Psychiatry Research, 226(1), 186-191.