Using Psychology to Make Good Decisions

3/13/2020 PSY105 & PSY101 – Page 7.9 – Conclusion

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Psychology

7 Motivation / Page 7.9 Conclusion

Conclusion

How does motivation relate to your problem solving and self and social awareness skills?

Using Psychology to Make Good Decisions

Now that you have used your self and social awareness skill to gather insight about your motivation, you can use that insight to make better decisions and improve your problem solving skill. Your motivation for a task will be highest when you feel that you will be successful (self-efficacy, growth mindset) and that the task is valuable (self-regulation, grit). So when you face a difficult problem, you can create motivation by interpreting the problem as a doable challenge and by feeling confident that you can develop new knowledge and skills as you work. Along with exhibiting that growth mindset and self- efficacy, you can also practice metacognition and self-regulation by evaluating current strategies or learning new ones as you monitor your progress toward a goal. If you need to motivate other people, such as students or employees, you can now recognize why you should set high, clear standards and provide specific feedback that helps people self-regulate and develop a growth mindset. You can use your self and social awareness skill to consider how to ensure that the people around you experience enough, but not too much, physiological arousal.

Quick Chapter Review

This week you honed your problem solving skill by reflecting on your own motivation. You also improved your self and social awareness skill by learning what motivates people. Many of the concepts you learned this week built on what you have already learned about emotions, personality, cognition, and self and social awareness. Let’s take a few minutes to review the key concepts from this week:

Motivation has been studied from four main perspectives: instincts, drive- reduction, arousal, and a hierarchy of needs. Certain types of thoughts or beliefs affect motivation:

Metacognition involves knowing yourself, knowing how to implement strategies, and being able to regulate yourself. It influences motivation by

 

 

3/13/2020 PSY105 & PSY101 – Page 7.9 – Conclusion

https://www.webtexts.com/courses/34215-poirier/traditional_book/chapters/3617709-motivation/pages/3612482-conclusion 2/2

allowing you to plan, monitor, and evaluate your progress toward a goal. Metacognition is also a necessary part of your self and social awareness skill. Self-efficacy is a task-specific belief in your ability. A higher degree of self- efficacy promotes motivation—you are more motivated to do things you feel confident about, even when you face challenges. Mindset is the tendency to see intelligence or ability either as something that is fixed, or as something that can grow. When you have a growth mindset, you view ability as something that develops over time, with practice. Challenges then become opportunities to learn and get better. Self-regulation is the process of controlling your behaviors, thoughts, and emotions in order to reach specific goals or standards of behavior. It relates to metacognition because it requires you to know your strengths and strategies and be able to monitor your progress. Grit is the ability to sustain high levels of motivation and passion for a goal over a long period of time. It requires a growth mindset, a high degree of self- efficacy and metacognition, and well-developed self-regulation skills. Developing grit greatly improves your problem solving skill.

Coming Up: Decision Making

So far in this course, we have discussed concepts that influence decision making. In this chapter, you saw how decisions are influenced by your level of motivation or by certain beliefs, such as mindset or self-efficacy. In the next chapter, you will learn about different strategies for solving problems and making decisions, and you will apply what you have learned in this course to solve problems presented in a case study.

You’ve reached the end of Chapter 7. Before moving on, take a break and reflect on what you’ve learned here. When you’re ready, use the Table of Contents menu in the upper left corner of this screen to select the chapter you want to view next. close

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