respond to discussion 5

i will upload one of my classmates answer and i need the a respond to that.

David Emory Shi, America: The Essential Learning Edition — Volume I, 2nd Edition, W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. (2018)

this book is your source.

this the question with the answer that needs to be responded.

Question 3: Although a number of compromises had helped to stave off sectional strife related to slavery since the founding of the nation, those tensions approached a breaking point by the 1850s. What were some of the major steps towards compromise and why did they eventually fail?

As Mexican and Texan land are explored, the slavery controversy heightens. Texas was signed into the Union as a slave state in 1845 (Shi, page 445). The Wilmot Proviso of 1845 was never passed to outlaw slavery due to opposition from the pro-slavery states and Congress. Therefore, the Free-Soil party was founded as a coalition to ban slavery in new territories. Further division in the political government occurred because southern politicians feared if slavery was opposed in the new western land then they would lose seats in Congress and slavery would be abolished.

The gold rush was an example of this sectional tension and brought political focus to California. The South threatened to leave the Union if California was added as free, so the Compromise of 1850 was presented to Congress to avoid a civil war. In its finale, the balance between slave and free states ended when California became a free state. Part of this compromise included the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which required northern states to help capture and return runaway slaves to the South (Shi, page 459). Congress’s attempt to compromise was ineffective and proved controversial with the passing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which endorsed slavery in territories where it was previously banned (Shi, page 478).

The wave of anti-slavery activists and pro-slavery groups were rising ferocity. “Bleeding Kansas” was titled describing the violent war-like environment of Kansas (Shi, page 465). The election of anti-slavery Abraham Lincoln became the turning point for the war where seven states withdrew from the Union to form the Confederacy. One final effort for a compromise was the Crittenden Compromise, which fails, and the Civil War begins (Shi, page 476-477).

David E. Shi. America: The Essential Learning Edition, Vol. 1. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc, 2018.

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