gosling’s inborn tendency to follow anything that moves just after hatching is
an example of a type of learning called:
middle adulthood people often:
a. settle into less
b. reevaluate goals
c. avoid changes.
d. become more
concerned with gender roles.
3. Which of
the following statistics describes the spread of a series of numbers?
4. If a
cognitive psychologist were to tell you that you have a mental set, what would
a. You would have
more success in problem solving if you were sitting.
b. You only possess
two of the three mental operations of the set.
c. You are solving
similar problems in the same, habitual way.
d. You are incapable
of using heuristic reasoningâ€”your mental set is fixed.
5. The first
time a child possesses the ability of conservation occurs during the ______
stage of cognitive development.
d. formal operations
6. The term
“maturation” refers to systematic changes of the body brought about
c. physical growth.
7. If you
are a ______ thinker, you are more easily able to break out of mental sets and
think in very creative ways.
psychologists believe the roles of nature and nurture:
a. are equal across
many aspects of development.
b. vary in
c. combine to form
our behavior but not our thoughts.
d. combine to
influence behavior and our thoughts.
9. The term
______ describes the use of oversimplified logic by adolescents.
10. The first
person to develop a useful measure of intelligence was:
11. Why do we
need to be cautious about concluding that people are more intelligent than they
used to be?
a. Younger people
may be more familiar with the types of problems tested.
b. The test items
used have actually become easier.
c. The tests do not
measure fluid intelligence.
d. Old people have
better fluid intelligence than young people.
12. n Wallas’s
problem-solving sequence, ______ refers to the initial attempt to formulate the
problem, recall relevant facts, and begin to consider possible solutions.
13. Which of
the following is a key psychological variable of happy aging?
a. Lowering activity
c. Enjoying drinking
d. Ignoring myths
about old age
14. We tend to
use certain steps in the solution of a problem. Before we can understand the
elements of a problem, we must _______ the problem.
to KÃ¶hlberg, higher levels of moral development reflect an increase in:
rules and laws.
b. concern over the
ethics of a person’s actions.
c. the consequences
of a person’s actions.
d. doing what
society thinks is right.
cognitive stage lasting from about 2 years old to 7 years old is known as the
use of the term egocentric means that the child:
a. cannot see things
from another’s perspective.
b. is very selfish
at a particular age.
c. lacks the power
d. only has thoughts
18. If a
research finding is said to be statistically significant, this means that the
research finding is unlikely to:
a. have been
measured via random assignment.
b. occur by random
c. be replicated
under laboratory conditions.
d. be practically
significant in real life.
19. Along with
IQ, giftedness is also associated with:
psychology is best described as a study of:
a. the physical
human growth process.
b. how people become
c. how the
environment shapes human beings.
d. changes in
behavior across the entire life span.