Question Points 1. A gosling’s inborn tendency to follow anything that moves just after hatching is

Question Points
1. A
gosling’s inborn tendency to follow anything that moves just after hatching is
an example of a type of learning called:
a. stimulus
generalization.
b. one-trial
learning.
c. observational
learning.
d. imprinting.
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2. During
middle adulthood people often:
a. settle into less
activity.
b. reevaluate goals
and directions.
c. avoid changes.
d. become more
concerned with gender roles.
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3. Which of
the following statistics describes the spread of a series of numbers?
a. Mode
b. Standard
deviation
c. Midpoint
d. Mean
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4. If a
cognitive psychologist were to tell you that you have a mental set, what would
she mean?
a. You would have
more success in problem solving if you were sitting.
b. You only possess
two of the three mental operations of the set.
c. You are solving
similar problems in the same, habitual way.
d. You are incapable
of using heuristic reasoning—your mental set is fixed.
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5. The first
time a child possesses the ability of conservation occurs during the ______
stage of cognitive development.
a. concrete
operations
b. sensorimotor
c. preoperational
d. formal operations
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6. The term
“maturation” refers to systematic changes of the body brought about
by:
a. environment.
b. learning.
c. physical growth.
d. nurture.
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7. If you
are a ______ thinker, you are more easily able to break out of mental sets and
think in very creative ways.
a. divergent
b. convergent
c. concurrent
d. divested

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8. Most
psychologists believe the roles of nature and nurture:
a. are equal across
many aspects of development.
b. vary in
importance.
c. combine to form
our behavior but not our thoughts.
d. combine to
influence behavior and our thoughts.
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9. The term
______ describes the use of oversimplified logic by adolescents.
a. pseudostupidity
b. psychoneurotic
c. prepuberic
d. preadolescent
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10. The first
person to develop a useful measure of intelligence was:
a. Guilford.
b. Binet.
c. Thurstone.
d. Wechsler.
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11. Why do we
need to be cautious about concluding that people are more intelligent than they
used to be?
a. Younger people
may be more familiar with the types of problems tested.
b. The test items
used have actually become easier.
c. The tests do not
measure fluid intelligence.
d. Old people have
better fluid intelligence than young people.
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12. n Wallas’s
problem-solving sequence, ______ refers to the initial attempt to formulate the
problem, recall relevant facts, and begin to consider possible solutions.
a. incubation
b. preparation
c. illumination
d. verification
13. Which of
the following is a key psychological variable of happy aging?
a. Lowering activity
levels
b. Involuntary
retirement
c. Enjoying drinking
and smoking
d. Ignoring myths
about old age
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14. We tend to
use certain steps in the solution of a problem. Before we can understand the
elements of a problem, we must _______ the problem.
a. formulate
b. generate
c. analyze
d. evaluate

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15. According
to Köhlberg, higher levels of moral development reflect an increase in:
a. understanding
rules and laws.
b. concern over the
ethics of a person’s actions.
c. the consequences
of a person’s actions.
d. doing what
society thinks is right.
16. The
cognitive stage lasting from about 2 years old to 7 years old is known as the
_______ stage.
a. sensorimotor
b. preoperationa
c. concrete
operational
d. formal
operational
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17. Piaget’s
use of the term egocentric means that the child:
a. cannot see things
from another’s perspective.
b. is very selfish
at a particular age.
c. lacks the power
of reversibility.
d. only has thoughts
about themselves.

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18. If a
research finding is said to be statistically significant, this means that the
research finding is unlikely to:
a. have been
measured via random assignment.
b. occur by random
chance alone.
c. be replicated
under laboratory conditions.
d. be practically
significant in real life.
19. Along with
IQ, giftedness is also associated with:
a. expertise.
b. creativity.
c. convergent
thinking.
d. crystallized
intelligence.
20. Developmental
psychology is best described as a study of:
a. the physical
human growth process.
b. how people become
individuals.
c. how the
environment shapes human beings.
d. changes in
behavior across the entire life span.

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