After grading the final exam the instructor decides to pass twoout of the three students in CS 171..

After grading the final exam the instructor decides to pass twoout of the three students in CS 171. One of the students asks theinstructor to tell him the identity of a student other than himselfwho will pass. The instructor refuses with the following rationale:at your present state of knowledge, your probability of passing thecourse is 2/3, but after you know my answer, your probability ofpassing the course will become 1/2, since there will be twostudents (including yourself) whose fate is unknown and exactly oneof the two will be pass. Is the instructor’s reasoning correct?Justify your answer. ?

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