developing a problem statement

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Be extremely thorough! Must use my text book. My desired career is probation officer. hit distinguished in the scoring guide.

Hernon and Schwartz’s 2007 article “What Is a Problem Statement?” in Library and Information Science Research, volume 29, issue 3, pages 307–309.

use question and then answer format:

1. write question here

Answer here

2. Write question here

Answer here and so on

Introduction

Inductive research can be easily conducted, although it is not generally used in the criminology and criminal justice areas because it requires that one move from a specific starting point of data to a more general idea or theory to explain patterns found in the data. Deductive reasoning is more often employed in criminological research because it allows the researcher to begin with a general idea and direction of research and then deduce more specific expectations from these general ideas, which can be tested with empirical data. In either case, social research in the criminal justice context aims to make connections between theory and empirical data. This cycle of theory to data and data to theory is characterized as a “research circle” made up of inductive, deductive, and descriptive research.

In your main post:

  1. Develop a problem statement and hypothesis you could test in your current or desired criminal justice career, based on your reading of the Hernon and Schwartz article “What Is a Problem Statement?” (linked in Resources).
  2. Identify the primary independent and dependent variables that would support your hypothesis.
  3. Explain how the inductive research process differs from the deductive research process providing examples to explore when each type of research is most appropriate.
  4. Specify whether you would use inductive or deductive research and reasoning to test your hypothesis based on the research circle discussed on page 29 of Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Discussion Objectives

The competencies in this discussion are supported by discussion objectives.

  • Competency 2: Articulate a problem statement appropriate for examination using criminal justice research methods.
    • Develop a narrowly focused hypothesis that can be examined using appropriate criminal justice research methods.
    • Identify independent and dependent variables that support your hypothesis.
  • Competency 4: Use a common research method of criminal justice practitioners to examine the problem statement.
    • Explain how inductive and deductive reasoning is applied in a criminal justice research context.
    • Specify whether you would use inductive or deductive research and reasoning to test your hypothesis based on the research circle.
  • Scoring guide
Criteria Non-performance Basic Proficient Distinguished
Main Discussion Post Response: Apply critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post.
50%
Does not apply elements of critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post.Applies some elements of critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post.Applies critical thinking or problem solving in the main discussion post.Applies critical thinking or problem solving to the main discussion post in a comprehensive, step-by-step manner.
Main Discussion Post Response: Use credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion.
10%
Does not use credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion.Responds to the discussion, but some or all of the resources used for support are not credible.Uses credible information or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion.Uses well-developed, relevant support from credible resources or research to support positions, conclusions, or perspectives in the discussion. Impartially considers conflicting data or other perspectives.

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