Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and V

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Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and VI. In addition, you will add a new section that comprises content you have learned in this unit.

First, combine Parts I-III of your paper. Be sure to make any necessary changes based on your feedback. Ensure that you include an introduction and transitions so that these three parts read as one cohesive document.

Then, you will need to examine your firm’s working capital management. Look at the firm’s annual report and answer the following questions:

  • What is the firm’s cash position? Does the firm reflect positive cash balances for the last three years?
  • What methods does the firm use to ensure and maintain positive cash flows?
  • What methods of short-term financing does the firm use?

Conclude your paper with a final recommendation about whether or not this company would be a good investment for potential investors. Your finished paper must be a minimum of seven pages long, and you must use at least five sources (most of which were likely used in other units). At least one source must come from the CSU Online Library. Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment.

Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and V
Amazon Financial Management FIN 3301 University Name Amazon Stock Market Exchange The company I am researching is Amazon, listed on the NASDAQ stock market exchange. I chose Amazon because it is a company my family uses every week, and I am very familiar with it. Amazon is known to be one of the world’s most extensive packing, shipping, and storage inventory companies on a global scale. Amazon represents 40% of the US e-commerce market (History of Amazon, 2020). It has also integrated so many diverse types of technology within its company for each hub the company possesses globally. The company focuses on e-commerce, communication through the cloud, digital streaming with Amazon Prime Movie, and AI technology (Bezos, 2020). The stock activity for Amazon for the past three years has been as follows: In 2020, the stock started at $1,867.83 and ended at $3,233.90. In 2019, the stock started at $1,638.00 and ended at $1,867.83. In 2018, the stock started at $1,169.54 and ended at $1,638.00. As we can see, the stock has steadily increased over the past three years. This is likely due to the continued growth and success of the company. Amazon has been able to weather the pandemic well and has even seen an uptick in business due to the increased need for online shopping. The company has also diversified its business, moving into food delivery and streaming video areas. This has helped offset any potential losses in other business areas. Overall, the stock activity for Amazon has been positive over the past three years, and investors have been rewarded for their patience. Stock Split A stock split is a strategy companies use to increase the liquidity of their shares and boost the price per share. This can be a good move for companies with many shareholders who want to make their shares more affordable. It can also signal to the market that the company’s stock is undervalued. Amazon has never initiated a stock split. This may be because the company has never felt the need to do so. The company’s stock has always been in high demand, and shareholders have never complained about the price per share (Rincon, 2021). There are a few reasons why Amazon may not have split its stock. One reason could be that the company wants to signal to the market that its stock is undervalued. If Amazon split its stock, it would send the market a message that it thinks its stock is worth more than it is currently trading for. This could lead to a short-term increase in the stock price, but it would not be a sustainable strategy. The number of shares of stock outstanding for Amazon is 4,146,100,000. The number of shares of stock authorized for Amazon is 5,000,000,000. The number of shares of stock issued for Amazon is 4,146,100,000. Another reason Amazon may not have split its stock is that the company does not want to dilute the ownership of its current shareholders. When a company splits its stock, it creates more shares, which means that each shareholder’s ownership stake is worth less. This could be a problem for Amazon, which has many institutional investors. These investors might not be happy if their ownership stakes were diluted. The last reason why Amazon may not have split its stock is that the company does not need to do so to increase the liquidity of its shares. Amazon’s shares are already highly liquid, and the company does not need to take any actions to make them more liquid. In conclusion, there are a few reasons why Amazon may not have split its stock. Shares of Stock The company may not want to signal to the market that its stock is undervalued, it may not want to dilute the ownership of its current shareholders, and it may not need to take any actions to increase the liquidity of its shares. My Opinion I would not invest in Amazon based on what I have evaluated. I do not think the company is as sustainable as it could be. Additionally, I believe that other companies are more innovative and that I would instead invest my money in. Comparison of the Company’s Stock Amazon’s stock is doing better than most other companies in its industry. Its stock has been up about 9% in the past year, while the industry average is down about 3%. Amazon is also one of the most active stocks in its industry, with an average of about 5 million shares traded per day. References Bezos, J. (2020). Amazon Annual Report. Retrieved June 14, 2022, from https://www.annualreports.com/HostedData/AnnualReportArchive/a/NASDAQ_AMZN_2020.pdf. Rincon, P. (2021, July 20). Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard New Shepard Rocket Ship. BBC News. Retrieved June 14, 2022, from https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-57849364
Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and V
AMAZON FINANCIAL RATIOS ANALYSIS Unit VI FIN 3301 University Name AMAZON FINANCIAL RATIOS ANALYSIS For this part, we shall be reflecting on Amazon Company, a company recognized globally due to its convenience since customers can purchase products from the comfort of their homes. These products delivered within a shorter duration for a smaller fee. Most customers prefer Amazon due to its flexibility and availability of various products that customers can purchase based on their tastes and preferences. Therefore, for this paper, we shall analyze the profitability, solvency, and liquidity ratios of Amazon Company. These will determine whether the organization is headed in the right direction along with potential actions that should be made. Firstly, the solvency ratio is essential to understand whether a company is meeting its long-term objectives. Therefore, this ratio helps to understand whether or not a company can pay its long-term debts. If it is able, the company is in good financial health. According to Amazon.com Inc – Alpha Spread. (n.d.), the solvency score of Amazon is seventy-four out of one hundred, or 74%. These solvency scores vary in different organizations; however, a solvency score of between twenty to thirty percent is considered healthy. Therefore 74% means that Amazon Company will default on the debts. Secondly is the liquidity ratio, which is opposite to the solvency ratio since it determines whether an organization will pay the short-term debts or not. Therefore, the short-term investors and creditors normally look at this ratio to determine whether the previous investors were paid out or not. In 2022 first quarter, the current assets were 133 billion dollars while current liabilities were 139 billion dollars. Therefore, the company’s current ratio is 0.96. A good liquidity ratio is at least one (1); however, Amazon is below, which shows negative financial health. AMZN | Macrotrends. (n.d.). Thirdly, the profitability ratio shows whether an organization can earn profits from its operations and potential sales. Therefore, a positive profitability ratio shows that the company is giving value to the stakeholders and executives. However, Amazon’s profitability ratio is 42%, higher than the current industry’s 40%. It shows that the company is generating profits from its activities. CSIMarket. (n.d.). Based on the above calculations, we may conclude that the company I not headed in the right direction, considering the past ratio analysis. The solvency ratio should be at least 20%; however, the company has performed 74%. While the liquidity ratio should be one, but the company is 0.96. This means the company does not pay short-term and long-term loans and obligations. It should make any potential investor run away since the company may not meet its obligation when the time comes. However, over the past few years, we have observed a drop in the company’s health. An example, the liquidity ratio, the 2022 Q1 performance was 0.96, while the 2021 Q3 and Q2 were 1.14 and 1.12, respectively. It shows that the company has been failing. Therefore, significant changes need to help resolve the crisis since fewer investors would like to engage a company that will not pay their value. MacroTrends. (n.d.). While comparing other companies within the same industry, Walmart’s solvency ratio is 56%, while Target’s solvency ratio is sixty-one. While Walmart’s profitability ratio is 23.88%, Target’s profitability ratio is 29.5%. Target (TGT) Financial Ratios. (2021). While Walmart’s liquidity ratio is 0.86, Target’s liquidity ratio is 0.87%. While comparing, we understand that the three companies are in a similarly mediocre performance situation since their solvency ratio shows that they do not pay their long-term obligations on time. The profitability ratio shows that Amazon alone generally value more profits than Walmart and Target since their ratios are lower. However, for the liquidity ratio, we also understand that they do not pay their short-term obligations on time, although Amazon’s situation is better. References Amazon.com Inc – Alpha Spread. (n.d.). AMZN Solvency Analysis: Financial Position, Interest Coverage, all solvency ratios, and more. Retrieved July 13, 2022, from https://www.alphaspread.com/security/nasdaq/amzn/solvency AMZN | MacroTrends. (n.d.). Amazon Current Ratio 2010-2022 Amazon Current Ratio 2010-2022 | www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved July 13, 2022, from https://www.macrotrends.net/stocks/charts/AMZN/amazon/current-ratio CSIMarket. (n.d.). Amazon Com Inc (AMZN) Profitability Comparisons, Net Margin, Gross Margin, Tax Rate, Cash Flow Margin Comparisons Amazon Com Inc (AMZN) Profitability Comparisons, Net Margin, Gross Margin, Tax rate, Cash Flow Margin Comparisons -. Retrieved July 13, 2022, from https://csimarket.com/stocks/Profitability.php?code=AMZN Melicher, R. W., & Norton, E. A. (2020). Introduction to finance: Markets, investments, and financial management (17th ed.). Wiley. https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781119560579 MacroTrends. (n.d.). Walmart Financial Ratios for Analysis 2009-2022 | WMT | MacroTrends; www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved July 13, 2022, from https://www.macrotrends.net/stocks/charts/WMT/walmart/financial-ratios Target (TGT) Financial Ratios. (2021, December 7). Investing.Com; www.investing.com. https://www.investing.com/equities/target-ratios
Throughout this course, you have been working on your research paper on a company you have chosen. For this assignment, you will consolidate the parts of the assignment you wrote in Units II, V, and V
Amazon Unit II Financial Management University Name Amazon is a company that my family uses on a weekly basis. During the pandemic it was a life saver for products we needed that we could not find within the stores as we live in an exceedingly small town. But even though COVID has began to cease and life is slowly going back to normal, we still use Amazon for a lot of our family needs. Therefore, I have chosen Amazon as the company I wish to research. Amazon is known to be one of the world’s largest packing, shipping, and storage inventory companies on a global scale. Amazon represents 40% of the US e-commerce market (History of Amazon, 2020). It has also integrated so many diverse types of technology within its company for each hub the company possesses globally. The company focused on e-commerce, communication through the cloud, digital streaming with Amazon Prime Movie, and AI technology. The company originated in Washington in the 1990’s. Jeff Bezos is the company’s founder and most recently can be seen in the spotlight for flying with civilians in a spacecraft around the world (Rincon, 2021). Amazon has made imprints throughout the last 30 plus years by adding services to its product selling such as music, video streaming, and audible. Amazon started fulfillment centers in 2012 and purchased food markets around 2017 (History of Amazon, 2020). Jeff Bezos made some great decisions for his business and landed Amazon in the position of being the largest web-based retailer. This is measured both by annual revenue and how Amazon has capitalized the market. Amazon has also prided its self to go neck in neck with Google as being the Earth’s best and most safest place to be employed (Bezos, 2020). Amazon’s firm initial public offering was listed at three million shares of common stock after only being in operation for a couple of years. Bezos decided to take the revenue from the stocks and enhanced the website and distribution techniques that Amazon possessed. This again was smart on his part as it improved costumer service and make consumer use of Amazon a much easier site to navigate. Amazon was in high demand and to balance that, Bezos expanded the company and created more distribution and fulfillment centers all throughout the United States. The organizational structure of Amazon was expanded as needed to create global groups based on function. Each portion of Amazon is separated into a team to ensure all portions run smoothly. Some of those teams for example include the Amazon Web Services, Worldwide Consumers, Legal Department, and Corporate Affairs. This drastically strengthened the company and helped make Amazon fierce competition. Amazon’s capital structure is made up of the capital employed by the firm from its variety of financial sources. Both the owner’s capital and dep capital capped which represent the investment and financial strategies. The company is built on equity capital and reflects the capital that will be received through projected business and net profits to come. Projected profits can also be expected from current and future shareholders. Amazon likes to manage the capital by being above the current ratio. They figure out this ratio by dividing their assets from their liabilities (Bezos, 2020). The financial structure of Amazon is all based on the equity of its shareholders, employees, 3P sellers, and customers. The more stock bought into Amazon and products bought from their online platforms allow Amazon to continue to grow. In the beginning, Amazon received funding from financial institutions and credit firms. However, Amazon has now far surpassed all competition by establishing payment of dividends to the financial institutions and all shareholders who own stock within the company. Amazon is not the only of its kind, but it is the largest and fasting growing still to this day. There is not likely to be a company which will surpass Amazon. References Bezos, J. (2020). Amazon Annual Report. Retrieved June 14, 2022, from https://www.annualreports.com/HostedData/AnnualReportArchive/a/NASDAQ_AMZN_2020.pdf. History of Amazon: From garage startup to the largest e-commerce marketplace. Capitalism.com. (2020, August 19). Retrieved June 14, 2022, from https://www.capitalism.com/history-of-amazon/ Rincon, P. (2021, July 20). Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard New Shepard Rocket Ship. BBC News. Retrieved June 14, 2022, from https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-57849364

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