research and clinical trials

research and clinical trials



Text: Abnormal Psychology

First Edition ISBN-10.0132216124





Deborah C Seidel, Cynthia M. Su ik. and Melinda A. Stanley


Pearson Prentice Hall




Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)


1. Mentafetardatron occurs In approximately

a.1 b.5 .10 d 20


_______ of the general populaton


2. Treatment of phenylketonur.a ncludes all of the following EXCEPT

A) daily supplements

B) a severely restncted low-protei n diet.

C) a diet nC:1 In dairy products and grains 0) compliance until age 8.


3. Ingestion and nhalation ale the two most common ways that

3. lead h. iron

c copper

d. aluminum


________ enters the body


4.Mathematlcs disorder or s the diminished disability to understand mathematical

terms operations or concepts recogn ze numencal symbols or arithrnet.c signs or copy nurnberslfiqures correctly

a. dysgraphia

b. dyscalculia

c. dyspraxia

d. dyslex.a

5. Autistic disorder Asperger’s disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwse specified are collectively known as

3. autism spectrum disorders

b childhood Integrative disorders

c. developmental oetayusoroers

d. disruptive behavior dsorders






32.Until the 1970s autistic disorder was thought to be caused by , or parents who

were emotionally unrespons ve to their nfants.

a. fr gld parents

h. refrigerator mothers

c. emotionally repressed parents

d. sch zophrenoqeruc mothers

7. Although few adults develop bipolar disorder after the age of 65 when It does occur the


ntervals between man c and depressive periods are than in younger adults

a. longer shorter h. shorter shorter

c. longer longer

d. shorter longer

8 As With depress-on treatment for anxiety should always begin wth

a. a complete medical evaluation h. medication therapy .

c. an In-depth psychosocial evaluation.

d. cognitive-behavioral therapy

9.Treatment for isky problematc drinking In older adults s aimed at

a. prevention and eary ntervention

b detoxification and reapse prevention.

c. soc al skills training and daily living activities

d. withdrawal safety and early Intervention


and the episodes are


10. Etiological factors for late-onset SChizophrenia Include all of the following EXCEPT

a. hormona changes In women h. deficits In hearing and vision

c. hypertension

d. genetic factors.



Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

l. Mental retardation occurs in approximately of the general population.

a.1 b.5 c.10 d.20

2. Treatment of phenylketonuria includes all of the following EXCEPT

A) dai Iy supplements.

B) a severely restricted low-protein diet.

C) a diet rich in dairy products and grains.

D) compliance until age 8.

3. Ingestion and inhalation are the two most common ways that enters the body.

a. lead

b. iron

c. copper

d. aluminum

4. Mathematics disorder, or , is the diminished disability to understand mathematical

terms, operations, or concepts; recognize numerical symbols or arithmetic signs; or copy

nu m bers/figures correctly.

a. dysgraphia

b. dyscalculia

c. dyspraxia

d. dyslexia

5. Autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified are collectively known as

a. autism spectrum disorders.

b. childhood integrative disorders.

c. developmental delay disorders.

d. disruptive behavior disorders.



6. Until the 1970s, autistic disorder was thought to be caused by , or parents who

were emotionally unresponsive to their infants.

a. frigid parents

b. refrigerator mothers

c. emotionally repressed parents

d. schizophrenogenic mothers

7. Although few adults develop bipolar disorder after the age of 65, when it does occur, the

intervals between manic and depressive periods are and the episodes are _

than in younger adults.

a. longer; shorter

b. shorter; shorter

c. longer; longer

d. shorter; longer

8. As with depression, treatment for anx ety should always begin with

a. a complete medical evaluation.

b. medication therapy.

c. an in-depth psychosocial evaluation.

d. cogn itive-behavioral therapy.

9.Treatment for risky/problematic drinking in older adults is aimed at

a. prevention and early intervention.

b. detoxification and relapse prevention.

C. social skills training and daily living activities. d. withdrawal safety and early intervention.

10. Etiological factors for late-onset schizophrenia include all of the following EXCEPT

a. hormonal changes in women.

b. deficits in hearing and vision.

c. hypertension

d. genetic factors.



11. In contrast to delirium, the cognitive difficulties associated with dementia

a. result in alterations to a patient’s level of consciousness or alertness.

b. occur suddenly and disappear In a relatively short amount of time.

c. fluctuate over the course of the disorder.

d. are not accompanied by changes in consciousness or alertness.

12. Brain abnormalities associated with Alzheimer’s disease include

a. excessive amounts of neurofibrillary tangles and cerebral senile plaques.

b. smaller cerebral ventricles than can be accounted for by normal aging.

c. blocked blood vessels, which may result in tissue death.

d. damage that is confined primarily to the Inner layers of brain tissue.

13. A shared limitation of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale, the Hassles Scale, and the Uplifts Scale is

a. poor “real-life” generalization.

b. that they rely on recall/memory of events.

c. not factoring in individual differences.

d. an inability to differentiate between the Impact of positive and negative life events.

14. One of the two major systems that are affected by the stress response is the _

which results in secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine.

a. hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis

b. parasympathetic nervous system

c. sympathetic-adrenomedullary system

d. autonomic nervous system

15. A component of the non-specific immune system that prevents microbes from getting into the

body is called a(n) barner.

a. anatomical

b. protective

c. membrane

d. microbe



16. According to the text, the different ways that men and women respond to stress may be the resu It of

a. evolutionary influences that dictated different parental roles.

b. genetic differences (e.g., the presence/absence of the Y chromosome) and hormonal differences.

c. societal influences on gender roles and differences in the physical stress response.

d. genetic differences and societal influences on gender roles.

17. Wh ich of these factors is NOT I isted in the text as havi ng an influence on the progression of HIV to AIDS and adjustment to an HIV diagnosis?

a. genetic factors.

b. social support.

c. depression.

d. stress.

18. Modifying behavior by changing the stimuli that bring on the behavior is called

a. contingency contracting.

b. stimulus control.

c. primary intervention.

d. behavior control.

19. In addition to consideration of an aporopriate after-discharge treatment plan, successful deinstitutionalization requires

a. a resocialization plan developed by the patient’s social worker.

b. considerable family therapy to educate members on their responsibilities as part of the team.

c. evaluation of a patient’s skills and resources for independent living.

d. home healthcare delivery of medications by a visiting nurse practitioner.

20. When a person is Judged “not guilty by reason of insanity,” we may infer that

a. the person had criminal intent at the time of the crime but is remorseful at the time of trial.

b. the person has a long history of untreated mental illness that interfered with rational thought at the time the crime was committed.

c. the trial judge cannot show that mental illness was not a factor in the crime.

d. the person has a psychological disorder that interferes with understanding the seriousness and illegality of the crime.



2l. Which of the following is NOT a term that describes environments that provide the client with protection against unwilling disclosure of personal information?

a. Duty to Warn

b. Privacy

c. Privilege

d. Confidentiality

22. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding HIPAA?

a. It was originally designed to protect people from losing their health insurance.

b. It has great relevance to medicine but little relevance to psychological practice.

c. It is a simple and streamlined way of receiving professional reimbursement.

d. It is a philosophical/ethical statement with little operational relevance.

23. The practice of psychology is bound by state laws and regulations as well as by

a. client demands.

b. an eth ica I code of behavior.

c. medical regulations.

d. research and clinical trials.

24. In psychological research, respect for persons means that

a. all persons should have equal access to any treatment tested in an experiment.

b. participants should be able to choose their experimental condition (active vs. placebo).

c. researchers should maximize benefits and minimize harm to subjects.

d. people’s autonomy should be respected, and those with limited autonomy should be protected.

25. Which of the following questions has been disallowed on adolescent research protocols in certain school districts because of a concern over suggestibility, thus denying the principle of justice?

a. Do your parents support your eciucational efforts?

b. Have you ever thought about suicide?

c. Do you think abortion should be legal?

d. Have you ever been charged with a crime?


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