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What are the predisposing factors that lead to domestic abuse? What is the role of the public health nurse to prevent domestic abuse?
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Reply 1 Zarah
Abuse or hostility that happens in a close relationship is Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). “Intimate partner “refers to spouses and dating partners, both present and former” (“Preventing intimate partner violence,” 2019). Some of the risk factors that lead to domestic abuse according to the CDC (2020) are as follows: “Low self-esteem, low income, heavy and drug use, depression and suicide attempt, anger and hostility, being a victim of physical and psychological abuse, marital conflict, tension, and other struggles, social isolation, poverty” (“Risk and protective Factors|Intimate partner Violence|Violence Prevention|Injury Center|”).
Public health nurse has an important role in preventing domestic abuse violence. It is a vital element of nursing practice to involve patients in critical discussions about their health and well-being. To do this well, to maximize the protection of patients and families entrusted with their treatment, nurses need to enhance their capacity to participate in critical discussions when collaborating proactively and collaboratively with other agencies. In the general effort to decrease harm from Domestic Violence Abuse (DVA), nurses need to make every interaction with patients count (“How to address domestic violence and abuse,” 2016). A DVA evaluation must be included, aside from the standard head to toe assessment. If DVA is disclosed to patients, it is important to take precautions to protect the safety of individuals and other members of the family, including children. In supporting victims of abuse / violence in a domestic situation, nurses have a significant role to play.
Reply 2 Katherin
There are 3 factors that contribute to abusive patterns: A person’s upbringing, living conditions, and stress level (Lancaster, 2016). For example, if a child grew up in an abusive household, they start forming an unrealistic idea that violence is an acceptable way to handle conflict.
Increased stress caused by marriage conflicts, unplanned pregnancies, or significant life changes may precipitate violent outbursts (Lancaster, 2016). For example, unemployment, which is also linked to poverty, remains a risk factor for domestic abuse.
Domestic abuse can involve both children and adults. The public health nurse (PHN) must remain vigilant when assessing families, paying close attention to any risk factors that may be present. Public health nurses can also take an active role in participating in nurse-led community partnerships to prevent and address domestic violence (Lancaster, 2016).