Part 1 of 2 – Lesson 6 Questions Question 1 of 20 __________ is privacy with respect to a personâ??s

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Part 1 of 2 – Lesson 6 Questions Question 1 of 20 __________ is privacy with respect to a person’s inner life. This includes the person’s thoughts and plans, personal beliefs and values, feelings, and wants. A. Physical privacy B. Psychological privacy C. Personal privacy D. Spiritual privacy Question 2 of 20 Which of the following are necessary for the contract view of a firm’s duty to customers? A. Both of the parties to the contract must have full knowledge of the nature of the agreement they are entering. B. Neither party to a contract must intentionally misrepresent the facts of the contractual situation to the other party. C. Neither party to a contract must be forced to enter the contract under duress or undue influence. D. All of the above Question 3 of 20 Which group is considered vulnerable to advertising aimed at altering desires? A. parents B. seniors C. children D. corporations Question 4 of 20 Critics to the market approach respond that the benefits of free markets are obtained only when the markets have all of the seven defining characteristics. Which of the below is a defining characteristic? A. numerous buyers and sellers B. unlimited access to and exit from the market C. unregulated market D. all the above Question 5 of 20 Psychological privacy is best described as __________. A. freedom from being questioned about our opinions and beliefs B. the right to remain silent in a court of law C. the right to own our ideas and inventions D. freedom from having our personal thoughts and beliefs invaded Question 6 of 20 The __________ theory of a business’s duties to consumers claims that a business has four main moral duties: the basic duty of (a. complying with the terms of the sales contract, and the secondary duties of (b. disclosing the nature of the product, (c. avoiding misrepresentation, and (d. avoiding the use of duress and undue influence. A. contractual B. commercial C. competitive D. consumptive Question 7 of 20 Caveat emptor is a Latin phrase used to mean what in modern business? A. “The customer is always right.†B. “You break it, you buy it.†C. “Let the buyer beware.†D. “Always be closing.†Part 2 of 2 – Lesson 7 Questions Question 8 of 20 Which of the following is most responsible for the wage gap between men and women? A. education B. absenteeism C. work experience D. none of the above Question 9 of 20 Since the jobs women have historically taken pay low wages and salaries, proponents of __________ programs attempt not to place women into higher paying jobs, but to increase the salaries of those jobs where women currently are employed. A. competitive value B. competitive position C. comparable worth D. comparable equity Question 10 of 20 What is an affirmative action program? ? A. a program to increase employee morale and thereby improve utility B. a program through which ethical behavior is recognized and rewarded C. a program meant to correct imbalances in the demographics of a workforce D. a program aimed to compensate individuals harmed by a product before they attempt to sue Question 11 of 20 Which is untrue of affirmative action? A. It requires firms to only hire minorities and women until the ratio is correct. B. All businesses in America are required to participate in affirmative action. C. It requires that any layoffs target the majority population first. D. All of the above Question 12 of 20 Widely recognized categories of discriminatory practices include __________. A. recruitment practices that rely on the word-of-mouth referrals of present employees who tend to recruit only from the groups already represented B. screening practices that include qualifications not relevant to a job C. promotion practices that place groups on separate tracks or that rely solely on seniority when past discrimination has kept women or minorities out of senior positions D. all the above Question 13 of 20 Which of the following is NOT a condition for which affirmative action can be legally instituted? A. a manifest racial imbalance B. the allocation of funds of local government for contractors C. an historic, persistent, and egregious underrepresentation of women D. an egregious lack of diversity in an educational institution Question 14 of 20 Which of the following can be considered sexual harassment? A. requesting sexual favors B. regular compliments on appearance C. touching exposed skin or private areas D. all of the above Question 15 of 20 Types of comparisons to provide evidence of discrimination are __________. A. comparisons of average benefits given to various groups B. comparisons of the proportion of a group found in the lowest levels of the institution C. comparisons of the proportion of a group found in the most advantageous positions in the institution D. all the above Question 16 of 20 Which of the following is a utilitarian argument against discrimination? ? A. Discrimination leads to an inefficient use of human resources. B. Discrimination violates basic human rights. C. Discrimination results in an unjust distribution of society’s benefits and burdens. D. Discrimination violates the rule of free entry in a free market. Question 17 of 20 “It might be true that society as a whole would benefit by having some group discriminated against†is a/an __________ argument for discrimination. A. Kantian B. Utilitarian C. Capitalist D. Communist Question 18 of 20 Kant would argue that humans should be treated as ends in themselves and never as a means to an end. With respect to discrimination, this implies that people should be treated as what? A. equals B. property C. competitors D. family Question 19 of 20 In which of the following professions is the largest disparity in pay between the sexes? A. healthcare support B. construction and mining C. sales and related D. farming, fishing, and forestry Question 20 of 20 Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding discrimination? A. A discriminatory act may be part of the isolated behavior of a single individual. B. A discriminatory act may be part of the routine, institutionalized behavior of a group. C. A discriminatory act may be the intentional change of routine of a group due to personal prejudices. D. None of the above

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