InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the

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My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only.

The final project for NSG6101 consists of the development of a novel research proposal specific to your role specialization. The project must include an intervention appropriate to nursing practice and consistent with your MSN role option. An alternative to the above includes the selection of a specialty organization to focus research proposals based on the priorities of that organization. Examples of these organizations could include (but are not limited to): Sigma Theta Tau International, American Nurses’ Foundation, Oncology Nursing Society, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, American Psychiatric Nursing Association, American Association of Critical Care Nurses, National Association of Pediatric Nurse Associates and Practitioners, National League For Nursing, etc.

Throughout this course you have been developing various sections of the research proposal. This week you will assemble the final proposal (addressing faculty feedback). This paper is to be developed in APA format/style using the

required template

andnot to exceed 8-10 pages (excluding title page/references/appendices).



  • Background and Significance of Problem

  • Statement of the Problem and Purpose of the Study

Literature Review

  • Summary of the Evidence for the Proposed Study

Research Question, Hypothesis, and Variables with Operational Definitions

Theoretical Framework

  • Overview and Guiding Propositions(s) Described in Theory

  • Application of Theory to Your Study’s/Project’s Focus


  • Sample/Setting: Number and criteria for inclusion and description of place in which data will be collected.

  • Sampling Strategy

  • Research Design: Type (e.g., Quasi-Experimental), description, and rationale for selection.

  • Extraneous Variables (and plan for how controlled).

  • Instruments: Description, validity, and reliability estimates, which have been performed (on a pre-established measure). Include plans for testing validity and reliability of generating your own instrument(s).

  • Description of the Intervention

  • Data Collection Procedures

  • Data Analysis Plans

    • Describe plan for data analysis for demographic variables (descriptive statistical tests).

    • Describe plan for data analysis of study variables (descriptive and inferential statistical tests).

Ethical Issues

  • Describe ethical considerations and your plan to protect human rights.

Limitation of Proposed Study

Implications for Practice



  • Informed Consent Letter

    • Procedure section is clear, described in detail, specific, and all inclusive. Written in lay language (as documented by reading level score). Includes risks and benefits relevant to study. Address assent (if applicable).


WEEK 3: Variables are operationally defined

WEEK 4: Quality of the initial posting.

WEEK 7: Description of the instrument is appropriate to address research question.

WEEK 8: Data Analysis plan for demographic variables.

InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: RESEARCH PROPOSAL METHODOLOGY 0 Research Proposal Methodology Yulak Landa Dr. Sandra Allen May 7, 2020 Methodology Extraneous variables I expect a few extraneous variables in my study. First, COVID -19 is not entirely controlled by the use of face masks. Other factors can increase the susceptibility of the participants acquiring the disease. Some of them include the level of hygiene, which is a vague term that you cannot squarely and precisely determine and regulate. Also, the virus is still novel, and there is still very scanty information about it. We do not know everything to do with its gestation, whether it differs across individuals and many other things. Also, we cannot surely guarantee the safety and effectiveness of the test kits and testing reagents being used. We cannot as well determine with precision the availability or lack of any underlying health problem. However, we will follow all the directives given by the Department of Health, such as hand washing techniques, to minimize the exposure in any other way apart from masks. Also, the PPEs will have to have a quality license (Narain, 2020). Instruments The study will require personalized protection equipment (PPE), including standard and surgical face masks, gloves, safety shoes and glasses, hard hats, vests, and bodysuits for each of the participants. I would also require the test kits, including the aerosol COVID 19 samples, nasal swabs, throat swabs, and test reagent. We would as well require the disease management equipment like mechanical ventilators plus oxygen supply. All these types of equipment must have been certified for quality to ensure the reliability of the results (Sirinarumitr, 2020). Intervention Every participant will need to go through OSHA accepted fit test. There will be no trying to fit in a mask, and participants will have to stick to the provided mask. Instructions will be given t the participants to practice hand hygiene in accordance with CDC guidelines, and trained assistants to the study will be deployed to ensure strict adherence. Some participants may get exposed to the virus and get sick before the testing period. Meaning, the medical personnel will have to be always at the facility to take care of any emergencies and monitor those exposed (Yang, 2019). Data collection procedures First, I will visit different care centers to lobby for participation among the caregivers. The participants will be required to undertake necessary tests to ascertain; none of them has a chronic illness or preexisting condition. I will then select randomly taking into account the gender, the participants who will use standard face masks, and those to use surgical masks. The participants will be brought into the laboratory and required to sign the consent form. They will put on all the necessary protective gear, including face masks, before being exposed to a controlled amount of aerosol SARS- COV – 2 viruses. They will then be quarantined for 14 days where before being tested. Any prior showing of any symptom will be tested within the 24-hour bracket. To test nasal swabs will be inserted separately in every participant’s nostrils, and so the throat swap in the pharynx. They will be put under viral transport media, taken to the testing lab. The testing reagents will be used to detect the virus. Those with the disease will be taken to the treatment facility where they will be closely monitored. After seven days, they will be retested to ascertain; they did not acquire the disease (Narain, 2020). References Narain, D. S. (2020). Coronavirus outbreak. Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research, 08(04). doi:10.18535/jmscr/v8i4.63 Sirinarumitr, T. (2020). Development of molecular techniques for the detection and pathogenesis study of swine corona-and corona-like virus. Journal of Medicine, 343(2). doi:10.31274/rtd-180813-10812 Yang, T. (2019). A study on control of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) disease. Journal of Medical Research, 56, 122. doi:10.37473/fic/10.1101/2020.04.19.20071654
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: WEEK 4 MID-WEEK ASSIGNMENT 0 Week 4 Mid-Week Assignment Yulak Landa Dr. Sandra Allen South University April 11, 2020 PICOT Question With the current COVID-19 pandemic in the world, most victims admitted under the intensive care unit, how does using a respiratory face mask compare with using standard face masks under the high risk of exposure in a healthcare setting since the outbreak? Face Mask and Respiratory Mask A standard mask is used to prevent the wearer from droplets and splashes falling into his nose, respiratory tract, and his mouth. On the other hand, a respiratory mask (N95/ FFP) is designed to prevent the user from breathing in the small airborne particles. According to studies by WHO and Public Health of England, in the determination of which mask to wear, there is a need to assess the risk of contagion an encounter presents, to determine which equipment one to use. In the case of aerosol-generating procedures, AGPs, that produce small airborne particles, a respiratory mask would be more efficient than the standard mask. Covid 19 is suspected of falling under this category, and an N95 respirator would be efficient due to its specialized air filter capabilities. Anyone caring for the patients or coming into contact is encouraged to wear the respiratory mask. However, the research found it not necessary for all people to wear respiratory masks, and standard masks were also effective in non-AGPs and non-close contacts persons. However, it warned that the application of masks as a stand-alone measure is not adequate as it should complement other measures (McDonald, 2020). Another research by Chinese Cochrane Centre on the effectiveness of Standard and respiratory facemasks in the prevention of viruses including pandemic strains found that the was no significant differences between the efficiency of respiratory masks and the efficiency of standard mask in the prevention of virus-related infections. It only saw the difference manifesting in bacterial infections (Wu, Huang, Zhang, He, & Ming, 2020). center for disease prevention and control, CDC, gave recent guidance on the mask to use. It recommended that the public wears a face cover, whether homemade or professionally made. It warned the masses from using standard masks or respiratory masks as they should be reserved for healthcare practitioners and front line personnel due to their short supply. The country is under a severe shortage of PPEs making some practitioners use scarves and bandanas as masks. The CDC, however, said that these masks should be worn when no other options are on the table. Any mask irrespective of the quality would provide a physical barrier between them and the user’s nose and mouth. However, it is not precise whether covid 19 is spread via droplets or aerosols. The barrier is good than having any. In the case of strong supply, a standard or a respiratory mask would be recommendable  (Pathak, 2020). Personal protective equipments According to ILO, the work of the PPEs is to motivate healthcare givers to work responsibly and safely. In guidance given by WHO, for staff not coming into direct contact with a suspected patient, a standard precaution involving hand washing and face mask is needed while for the suspected or confirmed cases with contacts and no AGPs needs a standard mask, gloves, goggles, and gown. In the case of confirmed cases with AGP respiratory mask is preferred in addition to other gears. CDC also requires the same gear. The two bodies also published reports that the prevailing shortages of PPEs are making more patients die or remain unserved due to the medical staff’s fear of infection. This situation has been observed in New Yolk among other states. UNICEF did the same pronouncement. However, this researches did not include shoe covers as part of PPEs (Cebm, 2020). Hygiene Both CDC, WHO, and other studies above have stretched that a mask put on without additional advised protection and hygiene measures downplays the whole idea of putting on a mask. WHO has all the time recommended regular washing of hands with soap and running water or disinfecting them using a 70% alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Washing should be done after touching surfaces like in markets and buses, using a toilet, bathroom, touching animals, before preparing food, emoving a mask, among other areas. It is also essential to avoid touching surfaces with bare hands and thus recommendable to put on disposable gloves. The studies also recommend that disposable tissues should be used to clean the mouth, anal, nose, and eye and then properly cast out. This hygiene measures are poised t improve the effectiveness of the mask (Whitworth, 2020). References Cebm. (2020, April 7). What is the evidence that COVID-19 personal protective equipment should include shoe covers? Retrieved from McDonald, J. (2020, April 6). COVID-19 Face Mask Advice, Explained. Retrieved from Pathak, N. (2020, March 29). Can wearing a mask protect you from coronavirus? Retrieved from Whitworth, J. (2020). COVID-19: A fast-evolving pandemic. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 114(4), 241-248. doi:10.1093/trstmh/traa025 Wu, H., Huang, J., Zhang, C. J., He, Z., & Ming, W. (2020). Facemask shortage and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak: Reflection on public health measures. doi:10.1101/2020.02.11.20020735
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
INFORMED CONSENT LETTER Page 1 of 2 SELF CONSENT I have been invited to take part in a research study titled : This investigation is spearheaded by Yulak Landa: whose contact information includes : [email protected] and (305)833 -0053 I understand that my participation is voluntary and that I can refuse to participate or stop taking part any time without giving any reason and witho ut facing any penalty. Additionally, I have the right to request the return, removal, or destruction of any information relating to me or my participation. I am aware that the participation in this research study is on a voluntary basis , and I am free to object the invitation as well as to withdraw my involvement as I would deem fit without offering any reason, getting victimized, or facing any legal suit or conviction. I t is also my right to ask for the withdrawal, return, or discarding of any of the inf ormation shared or collected following my participation in the study. PURPOSE OF STUDY I understand that the purpose of the study is to: Determining how efficient are both the respiratory mask as well as standard mask in preventing healthcare providers from getting exposed to corona virus in the course of their work. Can they all be relied to offer the same protection? PROCEDURES I understand that if I volunteer to take part in this study, I will be asked to: Declare information related to chronic illness or preexisting conditions as well as my age. I will as well be required to fully adhere to the recommended hygiene standards as well as to be fully dressed with protective gears which include the designated face mask, prior to getting expo sed to SARS – COV – 2 viruses. Also, I will have to undertake a 14 day or more in quarantine as well as undertake the COVID 19 test. I shall also be required to undertake necessary treatments in the event I am exposed to the virus. BENEFITS I understand that the benefits I may gain from parti cipation include: I will get a chance to enhance the safety of healthcare providers’ who continue to dedicate their efforts to the treatment and care of COVID _19 patients and relies on face masks as one of their PPE . For Official Use Only Received on : Reviewed on : End date: File Number : INFORMED CONSENT LETTER Page 2 of 2 I will assist them in understanding if they would still use the standard face masks, taking into consideration the general shortage of respiratory masks. All the instruments to be used and expenses incurred will be covered by the researcher together with any counseling and treatment s in case I am exposed to the virus. RISKS I understand that the risks, discomforts, or stresses I may face during participation include: I understand that I may get exposed to the virus, become sick, or even die from the COVID 19 disease. Due to the gravity of the illness, I may also be psychologically affected. CONFIDENTIALITY I understand that the only people who will know that I am a research subject are members of the research team. No indivi dually -identifiable information about me, or provided by me during the study will be shared with others except when necessary to prote ct the rights and welfare of myself and others (for example, if I am injured and need emergency care, if the provided info rmation concerns suicide, homicide, or child abuse, or if revealing the information is required by law). FURTHER QUESTIONS I understand that any further questions that I have, now or during the course of the study can be directed to the researcher Yulak Landa. Additionally, I understand that questions or problems regarding my rights as a research participant can be addressed to Dr. Jessica Hillyer, Institutional Review Board Director of Compliance and Training, South University, 7700 W. Parmer Ln., Aust in, TX 78729; [email protected] ; 512 -516 -8779. My signature below indicates that the researchers have satisfactorily answered all of my current questions about this study and that I understand the purpose, procedures, benefits, and risks described above. I have also been offered a copy of this form to keep for my own records. Yulak Landa Name of the Participant Yulak Landa 05/23/2020 Participant s Signature Date ( dd /mm /yyyy) Principal Researcher Signature Date (dd /mm /yyyy)
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running head: RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 1 Research Project Proposal Name Here South University Online RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 2 Research Project Proposal Provide a brief, general introduction to the topic and importance to your role (do not use first person anywhere in the paper). Conclude with a thesis statement. Background and Significance of the Problem Discuss her e. Statement of the Problem and Purpose of the Study Discuss here. Literature Review Discuss here. Research Questions, Hypothesis , and Variables Discuss here. Theoretical Framework Overview and Guiding Propositions Discuss here. Application of Theory to Study Focus Discuss here. Methodology Sample/Setting Discuss here. Sampling Strategy Discuss here. Research Design Discuss here. RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 3 Extraneous Variables Discuss here. Instruments Discuss here. Description of the Intervention Discuss here. Data Collection Procedures Discuss here. Data Analysis Plans Discuss here. Ethical Issues Discuss here. Limitations of Proposed Study Discuss here. Implications for Practice Discuss here. RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 4 References RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 Appendices
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: WEEK 5 MIDWEEK ASSIGNMENT 0 Week 5 Midweek Assignment Yulak Landa Dr. Sandra Allen April 22nd, 2020 Theoretical Framework Overview Determination of the effectiveness of both standard face masks and respiratory face mask under high-risk exposure is essential. It will provide a guide on what both our medical caregivers and the general population should use in the face of the deadly coronavirus outbreak. For this research, the theory of filtration of air particles and aerosol filtration theories will help us understand more about the above subject. The two theories talk about the media through which air particles are filtered. The models postulate that the media used for filtering the airborne particles do not produce the same results. For this reason, it outlines various situations that different aerosol filtration methods are useful based on the concentration and the density of the particles (Pich, 2018). Theory Guiding Proposition(s) The theory of filtration got the following constructs: Aerosols: these are solids and liquid airborne particles which range between 0.001 and 100 nanometers. Airborne contaminants: vapors, gases, aerosols Air filtration: involves removing these contaminants from the air Inertia impaction: occurs due to rapid change in streamline Diffusion: movement from the region of high concentration to low concentration regions Electrostatic attraction: the force exerted by two unlike changes Theory application This theory will be used in this study as the purpose of the study is to determine how the two masks can filter out the small particles generated when a person talks, sneezes, or coughs. The theory will help us examine if the tiny particles can be filtered in the standard face masks as it happens in N95 masks. We shall apply the three mechanisms of filtering air from the atmosphere, which is the diffusion, inertia impaction, and electrostatic attraction. It shall help us not just in observing how the two masks traps or lets in the aerosols, specifically Covid -19 viruses but also the ability to hold them tightly in their fibers to avoid them getting through the respirator. It is very crucial as all masks have pores that facilitate the breathing process (Pich, 2018). References Pich, J. (2018). The theory of aerosol filtration and its application, Ustroń – Jaszowiec, Poland. Journal of Aerosol Science. doi:10.1016/0021-850290163-
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: HUMAN RESEARCH PROTECTION 6 Title: Human Research Protection Yulak Landa Dr. Allen April 5th, 2020 South University The Killing Nurses of the Third Reich It aimed to highlight activities that undergo in hospitals. Some killings happen in the hospitals, and doctors claim that the patient died as a result of the disease, which is false. It shows that some doctors and nurses are not supposed to be trusted once we take our loved ones to the hospital for treatment. The video shows how parents get letters that stated their children die from appendicitis or pneumonia (Kastten, 2019). They will then be allowed to collect the bodies of their children and pay the hospital bills. Doctors assess the patients and put marks on the patient’s bodies that indicated if the patient was to be killed or supposed to die. The nurses killed the patients while doctors decided on the patients who would live or not. Drugs used in killing were doses of lethal medicines like phenobarbitone, injections through an intravenous method, hypothermia, and starvation. Research Ethics This video aims to highlight the issues that should be in place during researches. The problems depicted are improper citations, plagiarism, issues during reporting, together with minimization of harm as research proceeds and conflicts as a result of interests. The scientific community’s credibility and public perception of judging and accepting results depend on results authenticity that is on publication. It is vital to have some distinctions between the unacceptable and acceptable conducts that happen, especially where animals or human beings participate in the study. The video shows how people would get into the trap of participating in research and getting some favor in return, and after the completion of the study, they did not understand what they were to get in return. Belmont Report Part 1  This film aimed to show respect to persons meaning people involved in the experiment must be recognized. So people can make a decision on their own about how and when to participate in researching. They can make a decision when to stop participation in the study research. Researchers have an obligation of protecting their subjects from being harmed. They also have minimizing requirements for any research dangers. It also helps in increasing the benefits of those participants included in the research. Justice during research means that the benefits and costs require to be distributed equally to the more considerable extent possible. This video shows how vulnerable protections are not given the appropriate protection according to the human rights (Kälin & Künzli, 2019). They receive violations as they participate in researches or when conducting research studies. Belmont Report Part 2  This film aims to highlight person respect to their capable degree and have the chance to choose what will or will not happen to them. It also isolates three elements that it takes as essential to appropriate and effective consent processes that include voluntariness, comprehension, and information. Researches are responsible for ensuring that individuals are informed about what is involved in their participation. Research also ensures the individuals understand the information, and if they have made a participation decision as to their wish with no influence. The video shows how experiments were involved in prisoners without their awareness. It violates their right to informed consent before any research. Institutional Review Board (IRB) This film aimed to show how IRB serves in protecting people participating during research. An IRB is a committee that is designated formally to monitor, review, and approve behaviors and biomedical research that involve humans that analyze some risks-benefit in attempting to determine whether research is to be done or not. The priority of the board is to protect individuals who participate in all types of harms (Bankert, 2020). This video shows an example of how people get disrespect when researches are in place. Some studies happen without giving the necessary respect to individuals participating in the study. References Kastten, M. J. (2019). CBD oil for pneumonia. Kälin, W., & Künzli, J. (2019). The law of international human rights protection. Oxford University Press, USA. Bankert, E. A. (2020).  PUBLIC RESPONSIBILITY IN MEDICINE & RESEARCH
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running head: RESEARCH PROPOSAL FOR A PICOT-ORIENTED RESEARCH 0 Research proposal for a PICOT-oriented research Yulak Landa Dr. Allen South University April 12th, 2020 Introduction Due to the current pandemic issue of COVID-19, one of the current requirements includes using face masks as one of the personal protection measures. However, it is unclear of which face is the best to use, especially for the public population. This research proposal compares both standard face mask and respirator masks efficiency to protect an individual against CVID-19 infections. Through this comparison, it will be possible to identify effective use of the face mask and how an individual can optimize protection measures against this killer disease. The research will also include an assessment of the levels of risk associated with using face masks; it will look at a different situation such as performance of hygiene measure before and after putting on protection gears. Moreover, the research will also recommend the proper procedure to put on and remove protection equipment at safe distance ones a nurse or and physician has attended to the patient. According to the current research, it is suggested that this disease is spread through airborne transmission of air contaminated infected respiratory droplets during facial communication or through open coughs and sneezing. Other ways that an individual can get infected include getting in contact with contaminated and then touching the face. A standard face mask is a personal protection designed to provide contact-barrier for the slashes and droplets that can accidentally get on the face of an individual. The quality for these face masks is approved for both public, and healthcare providers use, and the expert recommends that if this mask gets damaged or moisturized, the user should replace it with a new one. On the other hand, respiratory masks protect the user from inhaling infectious airborne particles. They must be fitted tightly on the face, and it is suggested that to provide the highest level of protection, the user must also wear eye protection. Since COVID-19 is a new disease comparing the efficacy of these two face masks will help identify effective measures and ways through which an individual can protect him or herself from infectious of this disease. Despite that, people are aware of the risk associated with this disease, and I high percentage of the population in the world is following the instructions given. The disease continues to spread in different parts of the world. For example, according to the “World Health Organization” (2020), the current positive-confirmed patients globally are a total of 167, 515with 13, 903 new cases, and 6606 deaths. This shows that there is still much that needs to be done, and most specifically, experts suggest that incorporating hygiene measures with the use of personal protective measures has proved to be a practical approach for protection. Despite that everybody is vulnerable, healthcare providers have an enormous responsibility to protect them in the process of providing healthcare service to confirmed COVID-19 positive patients. The vulnerability of the exposure might affect their operation efficiency due to fear for their well-being. The PICOT question proposed for the research With the current COVID-19 pandemic in the world, most victims admitted under the intensive care unit, how does using a respiratory face mask compare with using standard face masks under the high risk of exposure in a healthcare setting since the outbreak? This PICOT question will enhance the research to focus on primary clinical areas, which include healthcare providers’ safety, risk of exposure, the efficiency of protection equipment used in healthcare, and the consequence of inefficient use of protective equipment. It will identify healthcare providers’ safety while providing healthcare service to COVID_19 patients wearing personal protection equipment. This will include identifying preferred types of masks and level of hygiene measures used before putting on and out protection equipment. The research will be carried out through questionnaire forms send to different healthcare facilities through social media. Some of the alternative hypothesis for this research includes: Using standard face masks is more secure and efficient than using respiratory face masks Increasing hygiene leads to an increase in the efficiency of personal protective equipment. Both respiratory and standard facemasks are efficient protective measure against infections of COVID-19 Increasing protection efficiency increase the quality of healthcare services provider for the COVID19 patients The null hypothesis will include: Using respiratory face masks is more efficient than using standard face masks Increasing hygiene does not increase the efficiency of personal protection equipment No of the face masks are effective protection measure against infection of COVID-19 virus Increasing protection efficiency does not increase the quality of care for COVID-19 patients in healthcare. References World Health Organization. (2020, March 16). Retrieved from
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 0 Research Methodology Yulak Landa Dr. Allen April 22, 2020 Research Methodology Sample/Setting A sample is a subset of the target population, which is used to generalize the characteristics present in that population. The sample will be selected in a way that will reflect the target population. The sample size for the study will be one hundred, which will take into account an attrition rate of 10 (Gilbert, 2020). The power level will be at point eight percent. The study setting will be in ICU units in nursing homes. The approval to carry out the research will be sought from the administration of these care facilities. The study will include 50 male and 50 female healthcare providers belonging to different age groups in those nursing facilities. The caregivers must not have a chronic or preexisting illness as it can put them into more danger while exposed to the virus and must agree to participate through a written consent due to the risk involved. Sampling Strategy This is the plan utilized in the process of drawing a sample from the target population. Non-probabilistic sampling technique will be applied in this research and, more specifically, purposive sampling. It will be useful irrespective of the bias involved. This is because I shall be recruiting the participants based on their willingness and the desired characteristics. Also, I will be assigning the participants as either the ones using the standard masks or the ones using the surgical masks. (Gilbert, 2020). Research Design The research will follow an experimental design where the study will employ a quantitative research method that entails an empirical and systematic survey of observable facts through statistical, mathematical, and computational methods. The observable phenomena in the question will be to establish if there exists any difference between the use of standard face masks and the surgical face mask in preventing infections, particularly covid-19. The quantitative approach will employ and come up with propositions, hypothesis statements, and mathematical models in regard to this issue and give evidence on the cause-effect relationship. The technique will adopt methods that result in numerical variables that will be statistically analyzed. The sample units will be divided equally using their gender when determining the type of masks they will use. (Rees, 2019. References Gilbert, T. (2020). Mixed methods and mixed methodologies. Journal of Research in Nursing. doi:10.1177/1744987106064634 Rees, C. (2019). The practice of nursing research – appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidenceThe practice of nursing research – appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence 6 burns Nancy grove Susan K Elsevier £40.99 768pp 9781416054689 1846191351. Nursing Standard. doi:10.7748/ns.23.45.30.s35
InstructionsOverview/Description: My specialization is MSN-APRN in Family Nurse Practitioner, Make sure the entire project is centered in one topic only. The final project for NSG6101 consists of the
Running Head: RESEARCH PROPOSAL DATA ANALYSIS PLAN 0 Research Proposal Data Analysis Plan Yulak Landa Dr. Sandra Allen May 7, 2020 The primary study outcome is to determine the efficacy of the respiratory masks as compared to standard masks under high-risk exposure in a healthcare setting. The demographic and study variables will be analyzed. The analysis will involve the collection and organization of study data to assist in drawing up of verifiable conclusions from the data. To achieve the outcomes, I will employ the descriptive statistical techniques as well as inferential statistical approaches (Mihaela Coroiu, Delia Calin, & Nutu, 2019). Descriptive statistics will be of great importance when it comes to analyzing the demographic characteristics. At the end of the intervening period, the number of practitioners who will have contacted the virus will be taken. This data will be summarized based on the age, gender, and mask used just as how we grouped them in the sample making process. The arithmetic mean will be calculated based on those characteristics. I also look forward to utilizing the SSPS software to assist me in obtaining relevant frequency distribution tables to bring out the trend of infections (Gauer & Jackson, 2018). The variables for the study will include the adherence to the set-out standards of hand hygiene and related protections, and the type of mask used whether respiratory mask or the standard masks. The relationship between the results of nostrils swabs and pharynx swabs will also be observed. The spearman’s rank correlation coefficient and the dot diagram will be used to compare the correlation between the results of nasal swabs and that of pharynx swabs. The univariate Tobit regression model will be used to investigate the factors behind any disparity in the outcomes of the two masks (Han & Cho, 2018). This analysis will help us to make the inferences on whether surgical masks are better and more efficient than standard masks. References Gauer, J., & Jackson, J. B. (2018). Relationships of demographic variables to USMLE physician licensing exam scores: A statistical analysis on five years of medical student data. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, Volume 9, 39-44. doi:10.2147/amep.s152684 Han, J., & Cho, H. (2018). A study on cluster analysis of mixed data with continuous and categorical variables. The Korean Medical Data Analysis Society, 20(4), 1769-1780. doi:10.37727/jkdas.2018.20.4.1769 Mihaela Coroiu, A., Delia Calin, A., & Nutu, M. (2019). Topic modeling in medical data analysis. Case study based on medical records analysis. 2019 International Conference on Software, Telecommunications, and Computer Networks (SoftCOM). doi:10.23919/softcom.2019.8903900

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