I have this 8-10 pages paper due by Saturday evening. It is the final of my project proposal and I have use the the first and second paper in finishing this paper. I will attached them to the rubric a

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I have this 8-10 pages paper due by Saturday evening. It is the final of my project proposal and I have use the the first and second paper in finishing this paper. I will attached them to the rubric and that of the Annotated Bibliography for the topic Child Labor. It is due Sunday MORNING December 16 2018

I have this 8-10 pages paper due by Saturday evening. It is the final of my project proposal and I have use the the first and second paper in finishing this paper. I will attached them to the rubric a
Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Child Labor Annotated Bibliography Hannah Evans Chamberlain University ETHC 445 November 25, 2018 Child labor now becomes a complicated problem, which affects all regions of the world. Child labor can be defined as the employment of children under the age of 18 years, it is considered by many people as the exploitation of children, and it is also considered to violate universal schooling and children rights. Children perform duties in factories, agriculture, domestic work, tourist guides, businesses and restaurants as waiters, and the extreme forms are the child soldiers and child prostitution. The worst forms of child labor still rampantly exists in our country despite the continuous fights against it because the implementation of child labor laws by our government, according to RA 9231 Section 12-D, is ineffective since they are hampered by enforcement problems. This paper will discuss why “Child labor is unethical and totally denies the children from their childhood, their pride, their potential and like in these cases places them in mischief’s way” (Anker 2000). Apple (2014). Supplier Responsibility; Labor & Human Rights. Retrieved from http://www.apple.com/supplier-responsibility/labor-and-human-rights/ This source is utilized as a reference to the corporate stand and policies on underage labor as well as fair labor. This source focuses primarily on the corporate responsibility toward the suppliers Apple, Inc. uses, and what steps they have taken to combat previous issues the company has seen when dealing with ethical issues with their suppliers. This resource will be utilized for some statistics, as well as the ideas Apple, Inc. has about how to combat child labor while remaining profitable and diverse. Grootaert, Christiaan and Kanbur, Ravi: “Child labour: An economic perspective”, in International Labor Review, Vol 2, No.134, 1995, pp.187-203. Survey of the empirical evidence on the determinants of child labor finds that child labor is ascertained by a variety of factors both internal and external to the household. The internal factors include the size of the family, parents’ education, family culture, fertility and household risk. Factors external to the household include the educational system and other social infrastructure available to the household, the structure of the labor market and the level of technological development. Policy interventions suggested include poverty alleviation policies aimed at reducing income risk for poor households, fertility interventions, the adoption of technology, and improvements in employment opportunities for adults and other labor market policies. However, the long-term objective of the eradication of child labor needs to be approached through a package of legislative action and economic and social incentives, which vary according to the types of child labor arrangements present in a country, as well as the country’s institutional and administrative capacity. ILO: A future without child labor: Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. International Labor Conference, 90th Session 2002, Geneva, 138 p., 2002. ISBN: 92-2-112416-9. This article discusses how the abolition of child labor has become a global cause for the new millennium. Explores the ever-changing manifestations of child labor throughout the world and the ways in which girls and boys are affected differently. Presents new data on the scale of child labor and examines its complex, interlinked causes. Charts the growth of a global movement against child labor and reviews the various types of action taken. Concludes with proposals for a three-pillared approach to strengthen the action of the ILO in the field, building upon the wealth of experience gained by IPEC in the decade since its establishment Barboza, D. (2008, May 10). Chinese factories, flouting labor laws, hire children from poor, distant villages. New York Times Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/433851455?accountid=32521 This article is written by a reporter from the NY Times, outlining the struggles China has been having with buckling down on labor laws, and how the existence of these laws did not stop the act of child labor from continuing. This source is applicable to how companies that employ labor in foreign countries may not be as guilty as they seem, given that a black market type of child labor occurrences were happening without knowledge of the government. Since multinational companies work closely with the government, the knowledge of the government is all these companies have to draw from. Anker, R. (2000). The economics of child labour: A framework for measurement. International Labour Review, 139(3), 257-280. This article provides a conceptual framework within which to measure the economic aspects of the phenomenon. Contending that so far policy approaches have been too basic, the author outlines the reasons for concern about child labor, before explaining how the various forms should be defined and be measured, and indicating pitfalls to avoid. Exploring these complexities raises questions such as school quality, whether child laborers take adults’ jobs, and positive aspects of certain non-hazardous forms of child labor. Finally, he draws out policy and program implications. Reczek, D. Z. (2016, January 28). Why Companies Are Blind to Child Labor. Retrieved September 24, 2017, from https://hbr.org/2016/01/why-companies-are-blind-to-child-labor In this article, the researcher describes how contractors use children for their gains. The little children come with their mothers to stay on machines and are paid very little to feed themselves. The research has shown that willful ignorance is prevalent in consumer contexts. For example, one if consumers have a product’s ethical information right in front of them whether it was made using child labor, they will factor the information into their decision making. The article continues to say that people remain willfully ignorant because information about ethical attributes can be laden with negative emotion and difficult to process and choosing to remain blind is a very human coping mechanism. Also talks about protecting the priceless asset at all and not endangering the children lives. Nisen, M. (2013). How Nike solved its sweatshop problem. Business Insider, 9. This article describes how in the early 1990’s Jeff Ballinger exposed Nike as a company that had been exploiting abusive labor. Nike’s business model was, “based on outsourcing manufacturing, and using the money saved on aggressive marketing campaigns.” In Ballinger’s discovery he exposed Nike’s subcontracted employees in Indonesia were earning 14 cents per hour. These accusations led to bad publicity for Nike, which was heightened at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games when athletes were criticized for wearing Nike’s brand. This led to a decrease in total profit. Nike exhibited poor business ethics in order to maximize profit, while doing so promoted: child labor, forced labor, sweatshop production, violation of basic rights, and ignored the health and the safety of its workforce as well as children. I am against the motion that Child labor should be banned because children should be able to go to school and become useful citizens instead of working for little money that can feed themselves. Children are at greater risk of dying or losing parts of their bodies. We should provide them with their rights and not deprive them of it.
I have this 8-10 pages paper due by Saturday evening. It is the final of my project proposal and I have use the the first and second paper in finishing this paper. I will attached them to the rubric a
Why Companies Are Blind to Child Labor 6 Why companies Are Blind to Child Labor Hannah Evans Chamberlain University November 9, 2018 Article Analysis: “Why companies Are Blind to Child Labor” A very interesting and an awareness article which is taken from Harvard Business Review. The article discusses an ongoing disclosure that enormous innovation companies are yet utilizing items made or fixing to child labor. The article found that “child labor is being utilized in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to mine cobalt, a component that is utilized to make lithium-particle batteries found in numerous tech devices”. These Electronics brands, including Apple, Samsung, Sony, Daimler AG and a few auto creators are neglecting to do fundamental checks to guarantee that cobalt mined by child laborers has not been utilized in their items. They all appear to choose not to see to this issue, expressing that is it difficult to know whether the cobalt utilized for their lithium-particle batteries utilize the cobalt from child diggers from the Republic of the Congo. The article endeavors to comprehend why these companies deliberately ignore, and decline to make a special effort to ceasing child labor issues. It clarifies that we now and again was “unyieldingly uninformed” in light of the fact that data about ethical traits can be loaded down with negative feeling and hard to process. We adapt to these unethical circumstances by staying or putting on a show to not see them. Articles or news reports powers these associations to confront the ethical issue. At the point when reports like the one Amnesty International distributed surface these associations are typically quick to rectify them. This is insufficient, these companies need to put forth open expressions and arrangements to guarantee the general population realize that they are against these unethical practices. Generally when an organization makes guarantees to their clients they are more disposed to satisfying them. Distress of breaking an open guarantee. The article made reference to Intel as an organization that in 2014 declared that every one of its processors produced that year would utilize strife free materials. Nike is an organization that has confronted numerous debates because of its extraordinary carelessness in regards to child labor issues. Following many report and articles uncovering Nike’s child labor utilize and the working states of these children they rolled out numerous improvements. They initially set up a division entrusted with attempting to enhance the lives of industrial facility laborers. Nike at that point make the Fair Labor Association, a non-profit amass that joins companies, human rights and labor agents to set up free observing an implicit rules. Nike likewise performed 600 manufacturing plant reviews in a time of 2 years, also they were the principal organization to ever distribute an entire rundown of the industrial facilities it contracts (Nisen, 2013). Right up ’til the present time they keep on posting its duties, benchmarks, and review information as a feature of its “corporate social obligation reports”. This change was made conceivable by articles uncovering them. The utilizing of child labor is a decent case of an ethical dilemma. There has been numerous worldwide laws and controls expressing that associations cannot utilize people beneath the age of fourteen. Directions are trailed by most nations however not by other. Nations like India and the Republic of Congo where millions of individuals are under the destitution level. Individuals here need to send their children to work with the end goal to eat. A large number of these children begin work at ages of 10 and at times considerably more youthful. Parent doesn’t have enough cash to nourish, send them to class and additionally given them the required necessities are powers to send the children to work. This makes a contention, Child labor is unethical, yet now and again the guardians don’t have a decision. Its either, send the child to work or misfortune their home or starve. In the other hand, the privilege to training is the fundamental right of each person. Child labor hampers this privilege of a child. In the event that child will be occupied with labor then he won’t have the capacity to give sufficient time and focus on education. Children are not physically fit to do all sort of labor. In such cases, children may need to experience the ill effects of its boss. For instance, the mining of cobalt is a hazardous conditions and conceivably deadly wellbeing impacts may originate from drawn out presentation. Child labor is unethical and totally denies the children from their childhood, their pride, their potential and like in these cases places them in mischief’s way (Anker, 2000). As per many reviews, there are in excess of 215 million children who are constrained for child labor and the real bit of this labor is related with the full-time child labor. Out of his populace in excess of 115 million children are presented to hazardous jobs which offers extraordinary risk for their wellbeing and mental and physical development. Kant’s downright basic would esteem the child labor for mining cobalt would not be right inlight of the fact that the reasons I expressed previously. I concur with this utilizing Kant’s idea since it gives a rule to what move to make when looked with an ethical dilemma. References Anker, R. (2000). The economics of child labour: A framework for measurement. International Labour Review, 139(3), 257-280. Reczek, D. Z. (2016, January 28). Why Companies Are Blind to Child Labor. Retrieved September 24, 2017, from https://hbr.org/2016/01/why-companies-are-blind-to-child-labor Nisen, M. (2013). How Nike solved its sweatshop problem. Business Insider, 9.

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