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I have particular situation because a tutor did not finish his work. Basically I have a paper due and he did start but did not finish it. I would like to know if someone could finish it or if the tutor could take this question to finish his work?
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Hi, I have particular situation because a tutor did not finish his work. Basically I have a paper due and he did start but did not finish it. I would like to know if someone could finish it or if the
Research Statement This report will analyse the current strategic approaches that are being employed by Amazon so that to determine its future management sustainability. Purpose The purpose of this report is to evaluate the strategies taken by Amazon to ensure that the company retains its profits in the future. This will focus on its strategic investment approach on physical resources, human resources, and the company’s current management strategies. Background and significance A company’s sustainability is considered a strategic approach that a company takes to run its future operations despite the changing market trends. Currently, the world is faced by the issues that have been brought by the pandemic. Some of the clients have lost their jobs which means that their purchasing power is low. The company is also targeting ensuring that social distance is retained in the workplace while other employees have developed physiological issues because of the period of time that they have remained at homes with uncertain futures ahead of them. According to Vugt and colleagues in the year 2021, employees are still struggling at workplaces due to psychological issues that have been brought by the pandemic. This means that the company must work towards making improvements on managing and motivating the employees so that to enhance their productivity. According to Shankar and colleagues, the retail industry is changing very first because of the developing technology. This means that various companies must focus on the most effective ways of retaining their profits in the future despite the changing trends. Through the initiation of various strategies, the company will be at a position of improving its operations hence creating a more sustainable operating future. For years, Amazon has dominated the world’s market through supplying a variety of products to its clients all over the world. Some of the target countries includes the United States, European countries, India, China and several others. However, there is still a gap that need to be closed so that to improve the company’s profits. An example is the case of Russia which is also a major technologically advanced countries in the world. One of the company’s sustainable goals is to target such a market before its competitors therefore strategies should be set to carry out the expansions to the new countries. One of the strategic moves that the company employed to capture the Chinese marker despite of major competitors such as Alibaba was to purchase a company that aligned with its goals and then brought in new strategic moves. This contributed to its success whereby it was able to capture 10% of the country’s highly populated market. The world technology has also been affected by the problem of cloud insecurity whereby organizations feel uncertain on where to take their operations to cloud computing services or handle them through hard drive storage systems. Amazon has been working on providing a safe cloud computing system for the clients. However, improvements should be made so that to reduce the losses incurred by the companies in case an attack occurs. The company’s success has also been attained from its highly motivated employees from all parts of the world. The company has been at a position to create intrinsic motivation out of them through making them feel at home. However, the company has several competitors in some of its operations such as Apple. Walmart and several online bookstores around the world. The company should focus on improving its operations in such a highly competitive world so that to secure its future operations. Literature Review Using technology to enhance a business The world is being controlled by technology, whereby all operations are managed and enhanced through employing technological strategies. Technology is used in accessing clients regardless of how remote they are which means that a company does not only have to depend on operating physical stores. (Pereira & Liker, 2021). Technology is also being used in organizing the market so that to determine which products are in high demand within the market and which ones are not. Through this, the organization can plan what to invest on during different seasons of the year, hence maximizing sales. A company that has adopted an efficient technological system can manage its projects easily and efficiently, which controls the company’s productivity level. Through an effective database, it is easy to point out on wasteful activities and productive ones and by cutting down on the liabilities, the company can enhance its amount of assets which are key to its future growth. The technology has also offered companies an opportunity to track their operations such as their previous operations which can help the company to predict future profits or losses. This can be achieved through the use of various applications that track the company’s performance. Through such a strategy, the necessary changes can be made to its operations so that to control the losses and to increase the expected profits from the company’s operations. The company can also track details on individual performance, which will also assist in determining areas that need to be improved. (Pereira & Liker, 2021). The most important strategy that can benefit a company when it comes to enhancing its profits is enhancing the customer experience. Technology offers companies a platform to interact with their clients constantly, especially when they have an issue with one of the company’s products. By solving the problems, the company has an opportunity to retain its return clients hence increasing its profits. Traditional means of advertisement use newspapers and television broadcasting to reach out to clients. Today, there are several platforms that have been created so that reach out to clients from all over the world such as YouTube, Twitter and Facebook. This means that the company can reach out to clients from all parts of the world through the platforms hence increasing its market. A company that focuses on utilizing the available technology can increase its profits. It is also important to note that the world is changing due to technology which means that for a company to maximize its profits, it should focus on incorporating the changes in its strategies hence increasing the amount of earned profits. Expanding the market Market expansion is a process whereby the current state of the product’s market is expanded so that to earn higher profits. The marketing team sets strategies for approaching the new market through assessing the existing gaps, which they work on creating the most appropriate strategies of approaching the market. The main strategy employed involves looking into the current market of the product so that to identify possible gaps that can be closed. The most effective strategies are put in place so that to close the gaps hence increasing the performance of the product in the market. (Zhou et al 2018). The next strategy is analysing the product’s local market so that to take it to the international market. If the product is doing well in the local market, it means that there is a wide range of clients from other parts of the world who can benefit from it. The marketing team should start setting up strategies that will be used to expand into foreign nations. It is important to begin with supplying a small number of products to the new country so that to assess how well the customers will appreciate it. After that, strategies of expanding the market can be put in place to launch the product fully in the new market. The next strategy that can be used in improving the state of the current product. This involves acquiring feedback from the clients so that to understand how well a product is doing. The marketing team captures the possible improvements as per the clients’ recommendation so that to add the necessary features to the product. By meeting the demands of clients, there is a likelihood that they will come up to purchase the improved versions of the products. The market expansion can also be done from the information that will be shared by the retailers, whereby the marketing team will conduct a SWOT analysis from the feedback obtained from retailers. They are the ones who get first-hand information from customers which means that they understand the strengths and weaknesses of the product. Planning of improving the strengths can be done so that to improve the products’ performance. Workplace safety One of the most important strategies that an organization should always put into consideration is the safety of the organization. This determines its level of profits and also its future performance. Some companies have been operational for over a hundred years and because of their strategic approaches to the market, they have been able to face downfalls but still have remained operational. (Wu & Fang, 2017). For a company to remain operational, it must comply with national standards that are set for the welfare of all employees. This means that in case of a physical accident, few injuries will be mitigated instead of solving different types of injuries and property destruction. If the right measures are not taken, the company might incur too many losses to the extent that it will close down its operations. Organizations set risk mitigation strategies that enable them to get back on their feet in case of a risk that might threaten their future. To avoid the impact of high risk, the organization should put in place the necessary risk equipment which can be accessed easily in case of a risk. The organization should avoid risks in ways such as counselling its employees and offering them safety training programs that will assist them to survive in case a risky incident occurs. The company’s safety is the first determinant of its future therefore, it is important for the management to ensure that all operations run in a safe manner. Work safety also includes ensuring that employees within the institution interact in the right manner so that to avoid some problems such as workplace bullying and any form of harassment. By providing a conducive working environment for all workers, they will be motivated to give their best their responsibilities. Technological systems safety Technology offers an organization the opportunity to enhance its performance in various ways. First, through cloud computing strategies, the organization can store large sums of data at lower costs compared to when using physical storage devices. The organization also gets the opportunity to analyse as much data as possible through the well-maintained database so that to predict future demands and market trends. Other technological activities include storing clients’ personal details, such as the details stored in the credit cards. The developing technology comes with the risk of system hacking, where attackers launch ransom ware into the systems hence putting all the stored data at risk. In case such data is accessed, the organization might be affected to the extent that it might not recover its operations in the future. Others might recover but after incurring a lot of losses. It is important to set up systems safety by installing safety applications and Firewalls, which will be used to detect harmful applications that might damage the system. This also includes coming up with policies that will govern all employee activities so that to prevent any harmful activities that might allow attackers into the system. An example is preventing the unauthorized installation of applications that are received through emails which might put the systems at risk. Mitigating of risks Every business operates under risk since predictions of profitability can be made, but predicting when a risk will face the organization might be impossible. It is important to budget for such risks so that to prevent the downfall of the organization in case of problem attacks. The organization can begin by setting aside a team of experts who should look into some of the risks that might come up. The right budget for solving the problem should also be put in place to counter the expected problems. The organization should also consider training its employees on the most appropriate ways of mitigating risks in the organization. This includes risks associated with physical damage and also technological systems, especially in the case of a ransom ware attack. By setting up the risk-mitigating strategies, the organization will incur minimal costs of restoration in case the attack takes place. Improving supplier performance Suppliers act as the link between the business and customers. If the suppliers benefit from the sales that they make after selling a certain number of products, they are motivated to keep on selling, but if the profits are low, they might opt to sell other products from competing companies. (Zhang et al., 2020). That is why it is important for a company to keep its suppliers contented by offering friendly deals for them to benefit from. A company should develop prediction strategies that will enable it to assess the shifting market by analysing the customer demand. By doing this, it will be easy to determine products with the highest demand so that to focus on their production and then supplying them to suppliers within the right period of time. This will reduce the amount of time that will be taken by the suppliers to sell the products hence promising them high returns. The next strategy is to work closely with the suppliers so that to make the necessary improvements to the product. (Zhang et al. 2020). Suppliers can access large volumes of feedback from buyers, which they can share with the company so that to address the most critical issues. This includes collecting data on when it is more appropriate to produce certain types of products depending on the existing market demand. Ways that can be used to attract investors A future-oriented company is supported by investors who should come in to provide the necessary financial resources for the company so that to enhance its performance. The first strategy is to eliminate the number of losses that a company can incur. The company can begin by analysing its production line so that to determine areas that can be changed so that to reduce the cost of operations. This will increase the profits that will be earned by the company. A profit-making company highly attracts investors as they are assured that their investments will yield a large number of returns. (Khouroh et al. 2019). The next strategy is to set up realistic objectives that can be achieved by the company. Before investing, investors tend to assess the set objectives by the company and how well they can be achieved. In case they feel that the objectives cannot be achieved, there is a high likelihood that they will not commit their resources to the institution. Investors take their time to assess the kind of leadership that is being used to govern an institution. Good leadership comes with proper management of resources hence assuring investors profits. The company should run under the right leaders who foster innovation, especially when it comes to technology development in the institution. Accountability is key to making profits. Investors believe that they will earn a high income when they invest their resources in an accountable organization. Accountability should also be accompanied by setting up future strategies that can be achieved within the set scope. The organization should also ensure that the assets are actionable when necessary. (Khouroh et al. 2019).This increases the investors’ investment security hence making them free to invest as much resources as they can. The organization should also work towards achieving its annual budget. Doubts are created any time that the company fails to meet its set target since the investors begin to question whether the promised returns will be achieved. This reduces the number of investors who fear the undefined future of the organization. In a state where the company achieves its set target before the end of the year, investors invest more resources into the organization as they would be willing to earn profits from the interest generated by the company. The management should target on training sales team on how to increase the number of sales. If the entire team is in a position to make a large number of sales, then more profits will be earned hence increasing the returns for investors. The more profits that can be earned, the larger the number of investors who will commit their resources to the organization. Through the above strategies, the company will have enough financial resources which will enable it to run its operations hence earning a large amount of income. Investors also contribute to advisory advantage whereby most of them bring the earned experience from their organizations hence influencing the development of the organization. Workplace environment Positive-minded employees are key to an organization’s good performance. An organization that fails to motivate its employees faces the problem of poor performance as the employees lack self-drive when it comes to delivering the services. (Rashed, 2017). When it comes to improving the state of a company, it is important to consider different strategies that can be used to improve the nature of the workplace so that to encourage everyone to deliver the necessary services. Below are some of the strategies that can be adopted to improve the workplace environment. Designing the most suitable workplace structure The first impression is important to how employees will treat a certain workplace. There are several workplace designs that can be adopted to make the working experience better. However, it is important to look into modern workplaces so that to determine some of the key features that can be included in the workplace so that to make it more interesting for all workers. The workplace should create a comfortable experience since the workers are spending several hours in the environment. This includes equipping the institution with proper washrooms and also comfortable furniture. The more the workers are comfortable in the workplace, the higher the number of hours they will be willing to spend, hence generating intrinsic motivation. Developing a company culture The culture of a company is determined by the style of leadership, employees’ behaviour, communication and the structure of a company. By combining all the elements, the organization is able to develop the right mind-set for all employees who will work towards achieving the company’s objectives hence contributing to its development. (Nouban & John, 2020). There are several types of leadership styles that a company can adopt. The most effective is the autonomous style, where employees work towards meeting the set goals by the organization with minimal supervision. At the same time, the style should incorporate everyone’s ideas such as how certain technical problems should be handled. An example is incorporating technological strategies in solving the problems that are facing an organization. In a situation where one contributes to the most significant steps taken by a company, there is a high likelihood of avoiding mistakes, hence making it easy to achieve the organization’s goals. . (Nouban & John, 2020). In a case where the organization promotes its culture through nurturing employees’ talents, it facilities their growth hence increasing their level of experience, which helps in handling various problems that might face the organization. It also leaders to employee retention as a comfortable environment has been created for all employees. They feel accepted hence increasing their value to the organization. Considering the welfare of the employees Healthy employees will be more productive when it comes to delivering the necessary services. This includes both physical and mental health. The organization can promote physical wellbeing by providing employees with quality foods. The safety of the food should be assessed so that to avoid poor employee turnover due to illnesses. (Ahmad & Islam, 2019). When it comes to their mental health, they should also be in a position to hold positive interactions with other employees in the workplace and also to serve customers in the most appropriate manner. This can be achieved by offering them a work-life balance. Proper staffing reduces overworking, which in turn promotes the quality of services offered in the institution. Employees also face stressful issues such as work pressure and family-related problems. The organization can promote their performance by employing a counsellor who should attend to the needs of the employees so that to ensure that they are at the right mind set to deliver the allocated services. The counsellor should also be used to control some problems such as chronic absenteeism by addressing some of the problems that might be leading to such a problem. Enhancing diversity within a workplace Globalization in workplaces has closed gaps among various citizens in the world whereby the younger generation workers are working towards expanding their circles to accept global trends. (Roberson, 2019). An example is a situation whereby they use social media platforms to communicate with other people around the world. This strategy can be used in various activities such as using social media to interact with other people in other regions so that to determine how they handle problems that might arise when solving an issue at work. This also includes widening the company’s market through the use of various methods of advertisement to reach out to citizens in various parts of the world. This means that the company will have an opportunity to expand its operations beyond what it can achieve currently. Suppose the company can do away with differences such as religion, ethicises, traditions and social structures within a workplace. In that case, it means that a lot will be achieved as they will bring in different perspectives when it comes to addressing a problem that is facing the institution. This includes bringing in different ways of improving products before they can be taken to the market to various buyers without considering their backgrounds. Developing the employees Every employee dreams of working in an institution that values their career progress. After youthful students leave their higher learning institutions, they are energetic and willing to deliver the needs of an institution. However, they lack experience, which means that their productivity is limited and so are the opportunities to get promotions. (O’Bryan & Casey, 2017). The institution should target the most appropriate strategies for developing the employees when it comes to career development. This can be done through workshop training and other platforms which will enhance their development. After the training sessions, the new career levels of each employee should be recognized through awarding certificates. An institution that values its employee training will get the opportunity to improve the quality of services delivered hence enhancing the organization’s goal. This is because they will be in a position to handle tasks in a more advanced manner. An example is training the employees on the most effective ways of handling tasks using the improving technology. The organization will also increase the capability to retain its employees as they are assured growth in career development. The organization will also attract development-oriented employees through its continuous employee development strategies. References: Ahmad, R., & Islam, T. (2019). Does work and family imbalance impact the satisfaction of police force employees? A “net or a web” model. Policing: An International Journal. Cheung, Y. L., Haw, I. M., Hu, B., Swink, M., & Zhang, W. (2020). Common institutional investors and supplier performance in supply chains. Journal of Operations Management, 66(6), 670-696. Cao, G., Jin, G. Z., & Zhou, L. A. (2018). Market Expanding Or Market Stealing?: Platform Competition in Bike-sharing (Vol. 24938). National Bureau of Economic Research. Kniffin, K. M., Narayanan, J., Anseel, F., Antonakis, J., Ashford, S. P., Bakker, A. B., … & Vugt, M. V. (2021). COVID-19 and the workplace: Implications, issues, and insights for future research and action. American Psychologist, 76(1), 63. Nouban, F., & John, S. O. (2020). Developing a culture of health and safety on construction projects framework in Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 5(7), 1019-1022. Rashed, R. (2017). Structure, gender, tribalism, and workplace power in Libya. Wayne State University. Shankar, V., Kalyanam, K., Setia, P., Golmohammadi, A., Tirunillai, S., Douglass, T., … & Waddoups, R. (2021). How technology is changing retail. Journal of Retailing, 97(1), 13-27. O’Bryan, C., & Casey, A. M. (2017). Talent management: hiring and developing engaged employees. Library Leadership & Management, 32(1), 1. Pereira, R., & Liker, J. (2021). Using Technology to Enhance PD Performance: A Comparative Case Study 3-D Scanning Technology Deployment. Engineering Management Journal, 33(2), 141-154. Roberson, Q. M. (2019). Diversity in the workplace: A review, synthesis, and future research agenda. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 6, 69-88. Windhyastiti, I., Hidayatullah, S., & Khouroh, U. (2019). How to increase city investment attraction. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 8(9), 1070-1073. Wu, C., Li, N., & Fang, D. (2017). Leadership improvement and its impact on workplace safety in construction projects: A conceptual model and action research. International Journal of Project Management, 35(8), 1495-1511.
Hi, I have particular situation because a tutor did not finish his work. Basically I have a paper due and he did start but did not finish it. I would like to know if someone could finish it or if the
INNOVATIONS IN AGRICULTURE 0 Innovations in Agriculture Student Paper Goldey-Beacom College Research Statement This report will examine the role of innovation and technology in farming today. Purpose The purpose of this essay is to explain to the general public how computers, drones, and advances in plant growth have changed the industry forever. Background and Significance Through the years farming has changed dramatically, from mule and plow to large technological units, tilling and planting up to 48 rows at a time with the touch of a button. The general public has little knowledge of the new ways in which farmers increase productivity, efficiency, and crop yields. Agriculture is not a common topic on the news or media, leaving the general public out of the loop on how their food is actually produced. Computers and smartphones play a major role in the everyday operations on a farm and drones have become a must have in the equipment line up due to time efficiency and less labor (Agriculture drone, 2019, para. 4). Computers in agriculture serve in many ways and “modern technologies allow performing all operations on time” (Russian Federation, 2018, para. 3). Tractor data and equipment monitors show speed, gears, and temperatures, while also displaying seed output, hydraulic pressures or possible issues. Yield monitors tell the farmers just how many bushels per acre they are receiving out of a harvest at an exact second and GPS location in the field. It has also been a trend to add analog or high definition cameras to equipment so the operator can see all that is happening around him while allowing him to focus on what is ahead. In today’s time where drones are entertaining to have at home, they have been converted into farm equipment by doing tasks that usually take manpower and time. This helps prevent an increase in greenhouse gasses with use of vehicles to check on irrigations, fields, and animals from afar. Moreover, the use of battery powered drones allows farmers to check “crop nutrient and input management, artificial intelligence for detecting weeds, pests and diseases, and improved accuracy of crop yield prediction” (AeroVironment advances, 2019, para. 2). Plant growth has been dramatically changed through the years for farmers. In the past, farmers had to rely on mother nature solely for water; however, farmers can now control their own rain through irrigation. Innovations in chemical products have reduced the wear and tear on machines and enhanced crop yields. Using newly improved chemicals in fields can reduce weeds and rodents, which in term reduce the wear on combines and tillage equipment. A controversial topic is genetically modified organisms (GMO). GMO is where the genes in seeds have been modified to resist drought, parasites and other factors that may harm the growth of the plant. This works exceptionally well in grains for animal feed. It saves farmers mass amounts of money they would often spend in protecting their crops; whereas now, the plant can resist those factors themselves. This paper will get to the roots of agriculture innovation, to both inform and teach the general public of the technology and concepts that have helped farmers keep up with the rising populations around the world. Agriculture is no longer a “Green Acres” farm, technology and innovations are as important as the food itself. Review of Literature Old fashioned concepts cannot sustain the growing populations around the world, due to more people and less land to grow crops. The need to get more out of our land is more important than ever before. With technology and advances in the farming industry, crop yields and productivity have become well known terms in every ag business. These are the top goals for every farm across America, doing more with the same as before. There are many types of computers or computer-generated software that run the equipment in today’s society. In the agriculture industry, it is referred to as “precision agriculture”. Precision agriculture is “technology-driven information analysis of data acquired from the field and application of input as per the data analysis for increasing crop productivity” (“At 13+% CAGR”, 2017, para. 2). The most predominate systems are GPS receivers, variable-rate technology (VRT) and guidance/steering devices. These tie most of the planting and harvesting operation together. Through yield monitors using GPS location within the fields, farmers can tell exactly where they are getting the most yields, site specific limitations and enable the farmers to use different procedures throughout their production (“Agriculture conservation”, 2019, para. 9). Yield monitors contribute to VRT. VRT is a system that allows all quantifiable items such as bushels per acre, seeds per acre, gallons of water and equipment speed to be altered by the computer system. When harvesting grain, yield monitors within combines can pin point in each field where the best growth and crop yields occur. All this information is either saved into the cloud, much like the cloud on a smartphone, or a jump drive like ones used for saving documents. The farmer can then place that information into the tractor for planting purposes. That information will be used to increase the productivity in that field using VRT, as well as the GPS location, to place each seed where it needs to be to increase yield. The autosteer is when the computer drives the tractor through the field to get perfectly straight rows and have more accuracy with the GPS receivers when planting. The planter will place more seeds in the high yield areas, resulting in more bushels being harvested per acre. That same information used to place each seed in high yield areas, can also be entered into the irrigation systems. The irrigation controls will allow more water to flow on the high yield areas to boost those seeds in their plant growth development. Because of the GPS location and monitoring, farmers have seen an increase in crop yields, due to better placement of each seed. The self-propelled equipment, like tractors, sprayers and combines have their own monitors in them to give the farmer total control of his unit at all times. These monitors display tractors gears, engine rpm, and most importantly, possible issues with the unit. Since farming is a time-based operation with the seasons, a broken-down unit can dramatically affect a grower’s expenses and profits. That is why companies have introduced internet into their new machines. Case IH for example, has administered AFS Connect technology that can notify the dealership when a specific unit is having an issue without any human interaction. The dealership gets a notification online and a possible fix for the issue. AFS Connect allows for less down time for farmers and more time in the fields preparing for crops, which provides a higher profit at harvest. Jeremy Joseph (2020) has been the service manager at Hoober Inc. in Seaford, Delaware for 6 years. When asked how AFS Connect has helped both the customers and dealerships his response was: AFS Connect has extremely helped farmers in the rush of the planting and harvest seasons. It speeds up our response time and in the near future will allow us, as the dealership, to directly download software through internet connection without leaving our shop. This allows for the farmers to stay as productive as possible and we can tend to bigger issues with our techs rather than small computer issues or faulty sensors (personal interview). Camera monitors have become extremely popular in the agriculture industry. Camera monitors are widely used on harvesting equipment. Due to the large size of farming equipment, farmers cannot see everything that is happening around them. For both safety and loss of grain, cameras are a great fix. Moreover, combines have up to three cameras in various places throughout the machine with all displaying on one monitor for ease of use. These cameras mainly focus on the grain. The grain tank is important to know how full the bin is to not lose any grain from over filling. The rear of the machine is where the waste of the crops is spread. Cameras can display possible grain loss due to improper set up. Once this is made visible, via the monitor and cameras, the farmer can make the adjustments needed and reduce the loss of grain out the back of the machine. For more pin point accuracy, cameras have been wired into precision agriculture systems to assist with planting. These cameras are placed near the ground. By doing so, the computer can pinpoint exactly where the unit is in the field with row identification to keep the unit on track. In a personal interview with Jeff Frase (2020), a precision ag specialist for 20 years, he defined how these cameras are used: Camera systems in agriculture are not just for visionary reasons. These cameras tap into the autoguidence/steering and allow the computer to make perfectly straight rows by knowing exactly where the last row was placed and where it should be. This reduces crooked rows, and loss of field space. The farmers can maximize their fields by getting seeds in every inch of tillable soil as possible (personal interview). The biggest down fall to the advances of computer usage and precision agriculture “is the high initial investment and the lack of technical awareness among farmers” (“At 13+% CAGR, 2017”, para. 2). To install these high-tech upgrades to equipment, it takes a certified technician with installment fees, not to mention the cost of the actual monitors and technology themselves. Justin Boyce, an equipment and precision ag salesman at Hoober Inc, suggested that these monitors and systems can cost around 12,000 to 15,000 dollars without installment (Boyce, 2020, personal interview). It also requires a knowledgeable user to understand the capabilities of each enhancement. These programs require more technological ability than the average smartphone and really need full understanding to get the most use out of them. However, there are training programs through dealerships, online classes and many ways to get in touch with the manufactures of these products themselves. The high cost of this technology is on the decline as well, due to lower prices of the major hardware components (Bucci et al., 2019, para. 3). With the use of drones on the rise in every industry, it was inevitable that it would make its way to the ag community. The amount of manpower and time required in farming is one of the biggest restraints in the industry. “In a situation where 100 labourers are needed for crop assessment, the drones can easily do that faster and better” (Agricultural drone, 2019, para. 4). Instead of paying employees, which includes additional vehicle and fuel costs to do simple tasks on the farm like crop monitoring, they can now fly their drone over fields and do assessments from the air. Drones have five main functions they are being programmed to do in the ag industry: soil and field analysis, crop spraying, crop monitoring, irrigation monitoring and health assessments (Muraru et al., 2019, para 1). Drones have been programmed to produce 3-D images of fields. These images can be taken before and after planting to give the farmer an idea of the soil type and water drainage. After the planting is complete, the drones can then provide information on nitrogen levels within the soil. Nitrogen is one the most important elements in farming as it balances plants and promotes growth. Drones can spray fields up to five times faster than traditional sprayer machines with perfection. Through ultrasound echoes and lasers, the drone can determine its height at all times and adjust as needed to avoid collisions with the ground or field obstacles. Since this is basically a flying computer, it can also spray with accuracy, limiting the amount of harmful chemicals penetrating the ground. The most common use for drone is the crop monitoring. Checking crops can be a hassle because “today most cropland is on farms with at least 1,100 acres, and many farms are 5 and 10 times that size” (MacDonald et al, 2013, para. 1). High definition images produced by drones, give the farmers a real time representation of what is needed in their fields without the use of more than one man. Drones can also be equipped with thermal and spectral sensors to detect dry fields and where improvement is needed. Through this information, the farmer can then alter his irrigations to make up for the lack of water. Lastly, drones give health assessments of the plants. With the help of drones, crops have a better chance of survival with early detection of diseases in plants, “about 20 per cent of global crop production is lost to diseases” (“New crop disease”, 2018, para 5). Drones help solve this problem by using visual light and infrared light to track plant growth and health, giving the farmer an up-to-date analysis of his crops (Muraru et al., 2019, para. 1). Drones may be taking the agriculture market by storm; however, they do have some downfalls. Drones are restricted to their battery usage. Some last as little as 20 minutes and when scouting fields, that results in little to no coverage when leaving from the home farm location. Drones are weather dependent. If there is a small issue on the farm that could be solved with the drone, the weather must be clear and little to no wind. Wind can blow the unit off course and curve the results for any tests or images. The last obstacle with drones is the Federal Aviation Administration laws toward farmers. Drones in agriculture is considered commercial use. Therefore, all users must have remote pilot certificate or hire someone to operate the drone who has one (Kipkeoi, 2019, para. 13). Although drones do have some obstacles in agriculture, they are a vital piece of the future of farming and more and more innovations in this field are being created every day. Plant growth through the years has changed for the better due to the advancements in precision agriculture lowering input costs and increasing output of crop yields. The average savings per acre using precision agriculture methods and technology was 20 dollars in 2016 and the technology has only gotten better since then (Schimmelpfennig, 2016, para. 7). One of these advances is irrigation. Irrigation is not a new topic in the agriculture market; however, it has changed recently with the use of precision farming and smartphones. Irrigation systems can now be programed with precision farming technology that is driven off data received in the previous harvest and plant. With the help of yield maps and seeds per acre, the irrigation systems can be altered to apply more or less water where needed. Using precision agriculture on irrigation systems helps save much needed water and electrical costs and on the other hand, it promotes better plant growth with the correct amount of water per each seed and soil type. In addition to this, irrigation systems are also being taken over by the smartphone world. Every irrigation brand has their own rendering of apps, which control their units from a smartphone remotely with internet connection. These apps tell farmers how their systems are running, along with their efficiency. The most vital component of the apps is allowing farmers to know when the system is down or stuck in the field. At pivotal times of the year in plant growth cycles, water is the most important factor as well as the sun. Farmers now have the ability to keep an eye on their systems without leaving their homes. The apps give up-to-date analysis of the irrigation system at all times. Farmers have complete control over the system and the ability to engage it on and off based off weather, adjust the flow rate, and overall have more control with less manpower. Philip Dukes is a third-generation farmer in Delaware, with the largest production of lima beans and peas on the East Coast. Their farm has recently switched to smartphone-controlled irrigations systems. When asked about the upgrade he responded with: “This new technology has increased our crop yields by allowing timely fixes at crucial times of the year. 95% of our tilled land is irrigated, so smartphone-controlled systems have helped us greatly” (Dukes, personal communication, February 2020). One of the most controversial topics in farming is the chemical application and the affects it has on the environment. These tactics are looked upon harshly, however, they are helping farmers complete their duties with less input costs and have a mass number of technological advances in them. Chemicals diminish unwanted weeds and pests while increasing yields with better overall quality at harvest. “Chemical crop protection performs a crucial role in ensuring sufficient food and resource supplies to an ever-increasing world population” (Alla & Kantevari, 2019, para. 4). Chemicals used in agriculture can be split into three main categories; herbicide, insecticide and fungicide. Herbicides are used to kill weeds. In a field that is meant to produce grain, weeds will take away much needed nutrients from the crops themselves. When plants have fewer nutrients, they in term, will have lower yields when harvested. The application of this chemical used to kill off unwanted plants is quite the technological feat. An applicator machine, like a sprayer, will apply the herbicide on a field that already has short sprouts of both the desired plant and the weed. The chemicals are made specifically to kill off the weeds and not affect the desired plants at all. The weeds then die off, giving the left-over plants all the nutrients, they need from the soil without competition. The downfall to these herbicides is chemical runoff. Where the left-over chemicals run off the fields into the water ways. However, through new technology with precision farming, this is being diminished by precise application with less product waste. Insecticides are used to kill insects that live in the plants and also use them as their main food source. Most insecticides are nerve toxins that provide rapid control and target the organ of choice inside insects. Killing insects not only protects the crops and allows them to grow without hindrance, it also minimizes diseases that are pest spread. Although there are many insecticides created to protect plants, insects are living creatures and can adapt to change. Recently in citrus producing plants, there has been a rise in a disease called greening. The Asian citrus psyllid is the reason this disease is dramatically impacting the citrus market in Florida, and there is no cure or way to stop this bug. In 2018, Florida farmers saw the lowest crop yields that state has seen in up to 75 years due to this insect spread disease (Lush, 2018, para. 9). So even as incredible as these advances in chemical application are, they are not perfect and cannot fix every issue for farmers. Fungicides are used to kill off plant borne diseases. Diseases in plants can come from many factors like wet climate, drought, and as mentioned previously, insects. Plants are much like humans, as both have immune systems but precautionary measures can be taken to avoid illness. Fungicides work through the inside core of the plant to fight off disease that may be prevalent. Although these chemicals help plant growth and increase yields, some reports show a negative effect on humans. Therefore, these fungicides are strictly monitored and regulated to ensure safety to those consuming such plants. The last advancement in plant growth is the scientific accomplishment of the GMO seeds. These seeds are specifically modified to resist all the factors that the above chemicals are needed for. These seeds grow and fight by themselves, giving farmers the upper hand against nature. The end result is higher yields with less farmer input. The advantages of GMO are quite compelling. According to a study based on GMO effects, “GMO can reduce pesticide-related environmental footprint by 18.4% and has been shown to decrease usage of chemical pesticides by 37%” (Prem, 2019, para. 8). By using GMO to grow plants, the effect of harmful chemicals can be limited and insect diseases can be potentially wiped out. The insect’s main food source will be able to defend against the bugs and in tern, it will kill off the insects without the use of any sprays that could pollute other resources due to starvation. The largest advantage of GMO is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by needing less machines, which equals the removal of an estimated “27 billion kg of CO2 from the atmosphere” (Prem, 2019, para 8). With all these advantages to GMO farming, this would seem like the best route. However, there are many skeptics that feel GMO are related to cancer formation and also could inhibit new food allergies. These counters are not proven yet; however, they are an item that are taken into account when GMO is used. GMO are primarily used for animal consumption and are strictly regulated to see if there are any negative affects on those consuming and pollenating the plants. Innovations in agriculture has come a long way since the beginning. With the production of the tractor to speed up planting and increase field space, to now having tractors and drones that drive themselves, planting seeds that have the ability to fight off diseases by themselves. The amount of technology in farming will blow the mind of the average consumer. “With more than two generations removed from the farm, a huge disconnect has been created between citizens and agriculture as we know it” (Malloy, 2016, para. 1). An increase in public knowledge will give agriculture a whole new outlook by the general public and maybe open more career opportunities for those who originally viewed agriculture careers as just “a farmer on a tractor”. Expectations Conclusions The innovations in agriculture over the years has tremendously increased productivity, efficiency and yields for farmers around the world. Through the use of computers and monitors, drones and advances in plant growth development, farmers are doing more with what they have and getting equipped to feed the growing populations around the world. The lack of ag literacy in the public, may not give farmers the credit they deserve. The lack may not give the industry the recognition that it deserves through its many job opportunities either, not just in blue collar work but with scientists, software designers and engineers. The ag industry has come a long way since its roots with mule and plow and the future can only hold more opportunities for innovation. With the innovations to come, the world could see farming grow into something exciting. The purpose of this survey is to discover what farmers want improved with the innovations in agriculture. Since they are directly using the products and technology, they will have the best outlook on how to fix issues and create better technology for the future. The results may show that farmers do indeed think these innovations are worth having on the farm, increase their profits and ease of work. Some will not see the need for these innovations as they may not have the full potential of technology in their grasps. Most trends will show that the biggest hindrance to the technology is learning the devices and all it is capable of accomplishing. By reviewing this survey, companies will know where they need improvement and where a niche may be for new possible innovations. Recommendations The general public should increase their ag literacy. The ag literacy of the public is what generally determines the respect for the industry. If the public continues to not fully understand the innovations, technology and opportunities inside agriculture, they may never comprehend what the industry entails. The agriculture industry is so much more than a man and a tractor. It is feeding nations, tractors that drive themselves, drones that decrease manpower, and scientific technology that helps plants protect themselves. Through ag literacy, the public will understand how their food is grown and what all actually goes into it. The public may then appreciate the industry, give respect to the farming occupation and possibly find a new career in the ag economy. Farmers should use all the innovations available to better their profits and increase yields. Not all farmers use precision agriculture technology on their farms. They may feel they do not own enough acres or the up-front expense is too high for the possible outcomes. However, if they were to look at the possibilities made available by these innovations, they can definitely find a need for it. It is all about productivity and efficiency, doing more with the same. So, whether it’s 500 acres or 5000 acres, increasing yields can be done across the board. With the rise of human population and the decrease of land, every grain counts. Works Cited AeroVironment advances drone technology in farming to 35 US universities. (2019). Airline Industry Information, https://search.proquest.com/docview/2280450599?accountid=38531 Agricultural conservation on working lands: 15 year trends. (2019). Southeast Farm Press, https://search.proquest.com/docview/2166314710?accountid=38531 Agricultural drone: A new age solution for agriculturists. (2019, Dec 03). The Daily Trust. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2321366549?accountid=38531 Alla, M., & Kantevari, S. (2019, Oct 31). Crop care: Chemicals in crop care: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. Chemical Industry Digest. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2311052014?accountid=38531 At 13+% CAGR, precision farming market potentially worth $7.87 billion by 2022 dominated by yield monitoring application: The precision farming market is forecast to reach $7.87 billion by 2022 from $3.20 billion in 2015 at a CAGR of 13.47% during (2016-2022) driven by the increasing focus on farm efficiency & productivity and increasing global demand for food while asia-pacific (APAC) is one of the bright prospective markets in precision farming. (2017, Jan 18). PR Newswire. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1859430350?accountid=38531 Boyce, J. (2020, February 2) Equipment and precision ag salesman at Hoober Inc. Personal Interview. Bucci, G., Bentivoglio, D., & Finco, A. (2019). Factors affecting ict adoption in agriculture: A case study in Italy: Access la success acces la. Calitatea, 20, 122-129. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2198414662?accountid=38531 Dukes, P. (2020, January 26) Third generation Delaware farmer. Personal Interview Frase, J. (2020, January 23). Precision ag specialist with 20 years’ experience. Personal Interview. Gilbert, M. (2017, May 16). The three stages of innovation in agriculture. Policy Options (Online). https://search.proquest.com/docview/1905221140?accountid=38531 Helena, T. K. (2019). New USDA program supports innovation in agriculture. Singer Island: Newstex. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2251190282?accountid=38531 Joseph, J. (2020, January 23). Service manager at Hoober Inc. Personal Interview. Kipkemoi, P. (2019, Jan 27). The pros and cons of drones in agriculture. Drone Guru. https://www.droneguru.net/the-pros-and-cons-of-drones-in-agriculture/ Lush, T. (2018, Apr 12). Bad news for citrus industry; organization says single breakthrough to stop disease spread by insects unlikely. Expositor. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2104001301?accountid=38531 MacDonald, J., Korb, P., & Hoppe, R. (2013, August) Farm size and the organization of U.S. crop farming. United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/45108/39359_err152.pdf Malloy, M. (2016, July 25). The importance of agriculture literacy. NC Cooperative Extension. https://robeson.ces.ncsu.edu/2016/07/the-importance-of-agricultural-literacy/ Muraru, S. L., Cardei, P., Muraru, V., Sfîru, R., & Condruz, P. (2019). Researches regarding the use of drones in agriculture. Sofia: Surveying Geology & Mining Ecology Management (SGEM). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5593/sgem2019/6.2 New crop disease guide. (2018, Nov 22). The Land. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2136253726?accountid=38531 Prem, C. W. (2019). Can GMOs reduce the environmental impact of farming? Instablogs. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2182520490/5A21416FBD814258PQ/13?accountid=38531 Russian federation: round table “SMART FARM – IT technology in farming” was held in the framework of the agro-industrial forum in ufa. (2018). MENA Report. https://search.proquest.com/docview/2014711791?accountid=38531 Schimmelpfennig, D. (2016). Cost savings from precision agriculture technologies on U.S. corn farms. United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ers.usda.gov/amber-waves/2016/may/cost-savings-from-precision-agriculture-technologies-on-us-corn-farms Research Design Report State your research statement. This report will examine the role of innovation and technology in farming today. What is the purpose of your survey? The purpose of this survey is to find out how these innovations could be made better from firsthand experience. Whom would you survey to find first-hand information concerning your research statement? To find firsthand information about innovation in agriculture and particularly precision agriculture, the farmers using that technology everyday would be the best access to gaining that information. Why did you choose this group of people to focus on? Farmers were chosen because they are the consumers of these innovations and use this technology daily. They will be the ones with the best knowledge on how it works and how it could be better. What would you ask them about? The farmers would be questioned on their knowledge of the innovations, how to improve it and what the best aspect of the innovations are. List at least three specific questions you would ask. What is the biggest hindrance to these new innovations? Which area in the agriculture industry, or your farm, have a lack of innovation? With regards to cost, is this new technology worth utilizing on your farm? If so, why? What type of survey would you use? The best type of survey for the ag community is personal communication. Most in the ag industry do not go into detail when it comes to electronic communication. The amount of time needed to type and interpret may be seen as a waste whereas, talking face-to-face can be efficient and beneficial for both parties. Through face-to-face conversations answers can be taken in detail and have a better overall understanding of the conflicts at hand. What is the population for your survey? The population for this survey will be the top 48 farmers with precision agriculture on their farms from both John Deere and Case IH dominant farms across Delmarva. Why did you choose this population? Not all farmers use precision agriculture and John Deere and Case IH are the top competitors, so their customer viewpoints may have different results. The top 48 farmers with the most precision agriculture technology on their farms will have more usage and therefore more input for the survey. What is your sample size? The sample size is the top 48 farmers across Delmarva. Explain how your sample will be chosen. The top 48 farmers will be chosen from the four main dealerships on Delmarva. Two of those dealerships are John Deere and two are Case IH to keep the results non bias. The top 12 will be chosen from each of the four stores to equal the sample size of 48. Explain the term random in your relation to your survey. Random is not a factor in this survey. The results need to be those with the most experience from precision agriculture technology. Therefore, the participants must be selected for accurate results. Will you need a mathematical formula to choose your sample? Why or why not? A formula is not needed. There is no random in the sample because the top 12 are being chosen for accuracy in the results. Is there a confidence level associated with your sample? There is no confidence level due to the sample being chosen and not randomly assigned. How will your data be collected? Provide all the details. The data will be collected via personal interview with the top 12 farmers using precision agriculture from these four stores: Hoober Inc in Middletown, DE and Seaford, De and Atlantic Tractor in Queen Anne, MD and East New Market, MD. These four stores will determine the top 12 by the volume in precision agriculture sales these farmers have through the years and the amount of equipment using those innovations on their farms. The store managers of these locations will personally interview these farmers with the three questions listed above and record their answers. How will your data be analyzed? Why did you choose that format for analysis? Since these are not discrete questions, the results must be read to be analyzed. When being analyzed, trends will be pinpointed. Finding trends for the open-ended question results will give ideas on how to resolve issues since all the results will slightly differ in some way. How will your data be interpreted? Will distribution and frequency tables and/or Chi Square play a role in your analysis? Once trends have been realized, conclusions can be made about how the precision agriculture industry can be made better in the future for farmers living and operating on the Delmarva Peninsula. No tables or Chi Square will be needed for these results.
Hi, I have particular situation because a tutor did not finish his work. Basically I have a paper due and he did start but did not finish it. I would like to know if someone could finish it or if the
RESEARCH DESIGN REPORT State Your Research Statement What is the purpose of your survey? To find out . . . Whom would you survey to find first-hand information concerning your research statement? Why did you choose this group of people to focus on? What would you ask them about? List at least three specific questions you would ask. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What type of survey would you use? (phone, email, etc.) Why would you choose that type? What is the population for your survey? Why did you choose this population? What is your sample size? Explain how your sample will be chosen. Explain how the term random in relation to your survey. Will you need a mathematical formula to choose your sample? Why or why not? Is there a confidence level associated with your sample? How will your data be collected? Provide all necessary details. How will your data be analyzed? Why did you choose that format for analysis? How will your data be interpreted? Will distribution and frequency tables and/or Chi Square play a role in your analysis?
Hi, I have particular situation because a tutor did not finish his work. Basically I have a paper due and he did start but did not finish it. I would like to know if someone could finish it or if the
PEER EDIT: EXPECTATIONS The expectations section of the paper is a concluding section of the paper that comments on the previous sections. It has two parts—the Conclusions and the Recommendations. CONCLUSIONS The Conclusions section has two paragraphs. The first paragraph summarizes the highlights of the Review of Literature. It is one paragraph long. Does the conclusion section provide a brief summary of the review of literature? Paragraph includes first person; maybe consider rewording. Doesn’t seem to be a summary of the Review of Literature and doesn’t draw solid conclusions from the research in the Review either. I would look at the example on Campus Web to get an idea of what the section is supposed to look like. Need more clear sentences that tie back to Review of Literature, so I understand what your paper was talking about. Specifically, your first 2 sentences confused me a lot; they’re repetitions of themselves and seem to be more filler than anything. The second paragraph discusses the expected results of the survey outlined in the Research Design Report. Do not make up numbers or stats. Just speculate about what you would expect the results to be like. (Before you fill out this sheet, peer edit the Research Design Report first.) Does the second paragraph provide reasonable expectations of the research design? Explain. Paragraph includes first person; maybe consider rewording. Reasonable to believe in expectations of the research design. However, the method of getting there is a bit confusing; stated at the end that most questions asked would be in a yes or no format to create tables with data, however, questions seem to be more open-ended than definitive. Is this a misinterpretation of your survey, or do you have more specific questions in mind? Other than that, your survey looks solid! RECOMMENDATIONS The recommendations section of the paper offers insight into how to address the problem or opportunity described in the research statement. A recommendation is a suggested action. Recommendations should be written in command form (e.g., All computer users should use virus protection software to protect their data.) The recommendation should then be explained in a paragraph. The paper should have at least two but not more than five recommendations. Does the paper have at least two recommendations? No recommendations, need at least 2. I would look at the sample paper on Campus Web to see what these look like if you need help. Are the recommendations in command form? N/A Do you think the recommendations are clearly explained? N/A Do you think they would help with the problem? N/A