Funeral ceremonies are primarily for the benefit

Funeral ceremonies are primarily for the benefit

UNIT 1

 

1) The amount of information available for our use doubles every

A) two years

B) century

C) decade

D) 5-7 years

 

2) The highest levels of technophobia are exhibited by

A) women and minority group members

B) mid-level managers

C) children

D) middle-class men

 

3) What is the most popular (frequent) method used by Americans to find information?

A) radio

B) Internet

C) TV

D) newspapers

 

4) One of the dramatic changes in the United States today is the increase in

A) manufacturing and heavy industry

B) the homogeneity of the population

C) cultural diversity

D) blue-collar workers

 

5) People who habitually say, “Naturally, I act this way because of the way I grew up”

fail to realize, as the text suggests, that

A) free choice and responsibility go hand in hand

B) they have fewer options than their parents

C) they cannot take calculated risks

D) their choices are limited

 

6) All of the following traits remain rather stable over a lifetime EXCEPT

A) neuroticism

B) self-esteem

C) introversion

D) expressiveness

 

7) The experience of personal growth usually ends with the stage of

A) acknowledging change

B) feeling anxiety and discomfort

C) reorganizing our experience

D) changing our attitudes

 

8) We are more apt to have positive, gratifying feelings about an experience of personal

growth at the third and final stage designated as

A) sensing dissatisfaction

B) acknowledging change

C) experiencing dissonance

D) reorganizing our experience

 

9) When scientists examine existing data such as historical documents, they are using

the ________ method.

A) growth

B) conceptual

C) archival

D) empirical

 

10) In which psychoanalytic stage did Freud say genuine love develops?

A) oral

B) anal

C) latency

D) genital

 

 

11) Which concept is not part of Freud’s view of the psyche?

A) consciousness

B) unconscious

C) ultraconscious

D) preconscious

 

12) Carol likes Dr. Reed, the supervisor of her practice teaching. In fact, Carol often finds herself adopting many of Dr. Reed’s methods and mannerisms in the classroom. Bandura refers to this type of learning as

A) classical conditioning

B) observational learning

C) due to the effects of unconscious Oedipal wishes

D) identification with the parent figure

 

13) Social learning theorists such as Bandura regard the inconsistencies in human behavior as largely the product of

A) conditioned responses

B) personality traits

C) unconscious conflicts

D) situational factors

 

14) From which perspective are psychologists most likely to argue that spanking is harmful to children?

A) the humanistic perspective

B) the psychoanalysis perspective

C) the learning perspective

D) all of these

 

15) Humanistic psychology has received national prominence as

A) deconstructivist

B) emphasizing individual sameness

C) Freud’s theory

D) the third force in psychology

 

 

16) Research shows that older people score lower in ________ than younger people.

A) conscientiousness

B) agreeableness

C) social vitality

D) all of the above

 

17) Research (Scarr) suggests that ________ child care is what really matters.

A) the quantity of

B) the person who provides

C) the quality of

D) the proximity of parent work places to

 

18) Physical changes include all but which of the following?

A) graying hair

B) less physical energy

C) hair loss in men

D) weight loss around the waist

 

19) Women in midlife often

A) avoid the workforce

B) avoid schooling

C) worry about their biological clock

D) avoid adoption

 

20) What is true of the Social Security system?

A) the government can be depended on to help the elderly even if they have never worked a day in their lives

B) individuals automatically receive it upon retirement

C) the age for eligibility is rising

D) all of these are true

 

 

 

21) The process of ascribing the cause of an event to something

A) is known as self-assessment

B) maintains a balanced view of self-concept

C) is called attribution

D) is labeled self-activation

 

22) Experiences that are consistent with both our sensory reactions and self-concept

A) comprise the core of our self-concept

B) are denied to awareness

C) are usually distorted

D) are rarely accurately labeled

 

23) One of the most common ways our self-concept changes is

A) through our interactions with people

B) by avoiding successful people and therefore upward comparison

C) through criticism from others; praise has little effect on most people

D) by not getting too close to people

 

24) The text suggests that when being criticized, it is better to ask the person to

A) relax and not be so sensitive

B) mind his/her own business

C) be more specific and provide more information

D) prove that the criticism is incorrect

 

25) During the latter stages of psychotherapy and personal growth, individuals

A) reaffirm their commitments and ideals

B) are less aware of the complexity of their feelings

C) deny the negative aspects of themselves

D) become more self-directed

 

 

 

 

UNIT 3

1) Which of the following is an example of a secondary group?

A) the psychology class you are presently in

B) the graduating seniors at a large university

C) a family

D) all are secondary groups

 

 

2) In-group perceptions can develop

A) any time two or more people gather

B) based on ethnicity

C) based on clear set rules

D) all of the above are reasons ingroups develop perceptions

 

 

3) What is the correct sequence of group formation, according to the text?

A) forming, storming, norming, and performing

B) storming, forming, norming, and performing

C) forming, storming, performing, and norming

D) norming, storming, performing, and forming

 

 

4) Which statement is true about the group communication networks?

A) when tasks are complicated or decisions require complex input, decentralized net-

works are best

B) centralized communication networks allow for individuals to communicate more freely

with one another

C) centralized and decentralized networks result in about the same type of performance

in groups

D) where one or two individuals control the flow of information it is called decentralized

communication network

 

 

5) With electronic communication

A) each group member has a greater likelihood of participating

B) status inequities are enhanced

C) groups are more likely to be vulnerable to problems such as groupthink

D) the highest status group members do most of the talking

 

 

6) The group polarization effect refers to

A) groups doing less work than individuals no matter what the task

B) a few group members opting to oust other group members

C) feeling less responsible during group decision making

D) groups shifting to a more extreme decision than individuals alone

 

 

7.) Two well-documented leadership styles are ________ and ________.

A) severe; moderate

B) casual; intense

C) people-oriented; task-oriented

D) thoughtful; thoughtless

 

 

8) Groupthink begins when

A) the leader is not very directive or authoritative

B) the group is close-knit and attractive to members

C) the group members are not concerned with consensus

D) the group is too open to ideas from outsiders

 

 

9) Which of the following are signs of groupthink?

A) a poorly designed solution

B) isolation of the group from criticism

C) mindguards

D) all of the above

 

 

10) The text states that when choosing a career goal, it’s best to begin by

A) asking your parents, spouses, or friends for their ideas

B) taking stock of yourself

C) scanning the classified ads in the newspaper

D) looking over the Occupational Outlook Handbook

 

 

11) People who score high on the Realistic theme of the Strong Interest Inventory would

most likely enjoy a job working as an

A) engineer

B) accountant

C) stockbroker

D) biologist

 

 

12) Most job changes occur

A) as an individual faces retirement

B) during young adulthood

C) during the retirement years

D) during middle age

13) Surveys on job satisfaction show that

A) women are much less satisfied with their jobs than men are

B) professional workers are more satisfied than workers in lower-level jobs

C) most people dislike their jobs intensely

D) older workers are less satisfied than younger workers are

 

 

14) One of the best ways to increase the proportion of minority groups in the workplace is

to

A) lower the educational requirements for many jobs

B) provide more high tech jobs in the workplace

C) raise the educational level of minority students

D) encourage minority students to take jobs in manufacturing

 

 

15) The majority of people report their favorite activity in the evening is

A) creating works of art or crafts such as weaving and painting

B) watching television

C) talking to family members or friends

D) participating in their favorite sports activity

 

 

16) One of the stereotypes in our society is that

A) men are the natural controllers in sexual matters

B) women desire sexual variety more than men do

C) initiating sexual activity is a feminine role

D) masculinity and femininity are polar opposites

 

 

17) The characteristic that combines desirable masculine and feminine characteristics in

one person is known as

A) decidophobia

B) eccentricism

C) adrogyny

D) femasculinity

 

 

 

18) The phase of the sexual response cycle in which the usual signs of sexual arousal

become more pronounced as the partners approach climax is called

A) plateau

B) excitement

C) orgasm

D) resolutionUnit 3 Examination 144 Psychology of Adjustment

19) Which is experienced by men but not women?

A) plateau

B) orgasm

C) refractory period

D) all stages in the sexual response cycle are experienced by both sexes

 

 

20) Hypoactive or inhibited sexual desire is commonly caused by

A) anger, boredom, or anxiety

B) genetic deficiencies

C) hormonal deficiencies

D) psychopathology

 

 

21) ________ is the emotional aspect (e.g. sharing, support) of love in Sternberg’s trian

gular theory of love.

A) Commitment

B) Intimacy

C) Passion

D) there is no emotional aspect of love in this theory

 

 

22) Research about attachment style shows that

A) we do not attach to our romantic partner as we did to our parents

B) people with an avoidant style are very attracted to each other

C) attachment styles have little impact on later positive adult attachments; early attachment styles only affect negative attachments later in life

D) parents influence the style of their children

 

 

23) Studies of divorce indicate that

A) most divorces are initiated by the women

B) men and women are equally involved in initiating the divorce

C) men initiate most divorces

D) meddling in-laws induce divorce

 

 

24) Statistically, second marriages are

A) more likely to be cross-racial

B) less likely to last as long as first marriages

C) more likely to end in divorce than first marriages

D) none of these is true

 

25) About ________ percent of divorced people remarry within one year after their divorce.

A) 25

B) 40

C) 55

D) 10

 

 

UNIT 4

1) Who suffers more from stress?

A) women more than men

B) well versus less educated individuals

C) high rather than low income employees

D) all of these

 

 

2) According to Hans Selye, stress which has a beneficial effect on us is called

A) hypostress

B) hyperstress

C) distress

D) eustress

 

 

3) Some students feel distressed only in test situations. They might be said to suffer

from

A) acute stress

B) eustress

C) hypostress

D) hyperstress

 

 

4) Which term does not describe the Type A personality?

A) holds rigorous standards

B) competitive and sometimes hostile

C) forgiving and relaxed

D) distressed and time urgent

 

 

5) Diane, a keyboard specialist, adapted to her stressful job with few complaints. Now,

a year later, Diane discovers she has developed an ulcer from the demands of her

boss to meet deadlines and to type accurately. Such stress-related illnesses are likely

to occur in which stage of the general adaptation syndrome?

A) resistance

B) exhaustion

C) alarm

D) the intermediate stage

 

 

6) Attributing our unacceptable feelings to others is known as

A) repression

B) displacement

C) projection

D) denial

 

 

7) When Mohammed’s girlfriend unexpectedly broke off their relationship, he said it was

just as well because he no longer loved her. Yet, Mohammed unconsciously loved her.

Mohammed’s response is an example of

A) sublimation

B) repression

C) denial

D) reaction formation

 

 

8) Women are more likely to cope with stress through

A) medication

B) sleeping

C) social support

D) working out

 

 

9) A problem-solving response to stress that involves mutual accommodation among all

the participants is

A) substitution

B) withdrawal

C) denial

D) negotiation

 

 

10) In terms of mental disorders, most mental health professionals greatly attend to

A) the legal model of insanity

B) the person’s reputation among his or her peers

C) the statistical rarity of the behavior

D) the individual’s level of personal distress

 

 

11) During any one-year period, the proportion of adults in the general population who

are suffering from some type of psychological disorder is about

A) 1 in 3 adults

B) 1 in 10 adults

C) 1 in 20 adults

D) 1 in 4 adults

 

 

12) Sets of symptoms more common in some societies are called

A) culture-bound syndromes

B) societal syndromes

C) culture-clash syndromes

D) secular syndrome

13) The most common psychological disorders in the United States are those labeled

A) anxiety disorders

B) schizophrenic disorders

C) phobic disorders

D) bipolar disorders

 

 

14) A critical feature of obsessive-compulsive disorder is

A) anxiety about being anxious all the time

B) fear of losing control

C) an over-inflated sense of responsibility

D) fear of dirt

 

 

15) Bipolar disorder includes

A) schizophrenia and one other form of psychosis

B) two different personality disorders at the same time

C) mania and depression in the same individual

D) phobia with at least one personality disorder

 

 

16) The process of helping clients gain mastery of their unconscious conflicts through

techniques such as the analysis of transference is called

A) person-centered therapy

B) behavior therapy

C) rational-emotive therapy

D) psychoanalysis

 

 

17) Which of the following is not one of the newer forms of insight therapy?

A) behavioral therapy

B) actualization therapy

C) existential therapy

D) logotherapy

 

 

18) The notion that the people who can help you best are those who have similar problems is a common assumption in

A) contextual therapy

B) social skills training

C) gestalt therapy

D) mutual-help groups

19) Which of the following is commonly prescribed for patients suffering from a bipolar

disorder?

A) an antipsychotic drug

B) lithium

C) a tranquilizer

D) cocaine

 

 

20) Unlike psychologists, psychiatrists

A) cannot conduct family therapy

B) don’t do group therapy

C) have a Ph.D. degree

D) have a medical degree

 

 

21) People tend to overestimate the risk of death from causes such as

A) accidents

B) strokes

C) diabetes

D) heart attacks

 

 

22) What is the typical emotional sequence in the experience of death?

A) anger, resentment, denial, depression, acceptance

B) denial, resentment, bargaining, depression, acceptance

C) depression, resentment, denial anger, bargaining, acceptance

D) none of these sequences is correct

 

 

23) According to Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, once terminally ill patients realize they are dying,

they enter a second stage in the dying process characterized by

A) bargaining

B) depression

C) denial

D) anger

 

 

24)The emotional intensity of grief is especially likely to be expressed in physical symp-

toms among

A) younger women

B) adolescents

C) older adults

D) middle-aged adults Unit 4 Examination 197 Psychology of Adjustment

25) Funeral ceremonies are primarily for the benefit of

A) churches and synagogues

B) the larger community

C) the deceased

D) the survivors

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