Ethical theory 900 words

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This second written assignment is a four-part exercise comprised of the following sections:

  1. Ethical Question
  2. Introduction
  3. Explanation of the Ethical Theory
  4. Application of the Ethical Theory

For sections (1) and (2) revise and expand on what you did in the first assignment.

Sections (3) and (4) are new.

The main purpose of this doc is to define the nature and scope of the ethical theory in a way that shows how the core principle(s) of that theory lead to a specific moral conclusion on your ethical question. Another way to think of this is to explain how someone who is fully committed to the moral reasoning of the ethical theory would answer your ethical question (even if it is not necessarily how you would answer the question).

The assignment should be 900 words with clearly labeled sections as indicated below, and include a title page and reference page.

Part 1: Ethical Question

State the ethical question beneath this heading.

  • This question should be on the same topic as the question presented in the week one assignment, and if necessary, revised based on your instructor’s comments and the additional insight and information you have gained from research on the topic. If you would like to switch topics, you should first consult with your instructor.

Place your ethical question beneath the Part 1: Ethical Question heading.

Part 2: Introduction

Provide an introduction to the topic and question.

  • This should be revised and expanded from the Week 1 Introduction in light of your instructor’s comments and the additional insight and information you have gained from research on the topic.
  • For instance, you may find that your original ideas about the issue have changed and clarified, that the focus of the ethical question has shifted or become more specific, and/or that there are important background and contextual details that need to be explained.
  • The revised introduction should reflect your additional thinking on the scope and significance of the ethical issue, and address any feedback provided by your instructor.
  • The introduction should be at least 300 words in one or two paragraphs.

Place the introduction material under the Part 2: Introduction heading.

Part 3: Explanation of the Ethical Theory

Ethical theories provide accounts of how to reason well about moral questions and of what justifies answers to those questions. In this section of the assignment , you will discuss either the ethical theory of utilitarianism, deontology, or virtue ethics.

You should not discuss your topic in this section, but focus only on the ethical theory.

The discussion should include the following elements:

  • A brief account of the historical background of the theory and the philosopher(s) associated with it.
  • An explanation of the core moral principle of the theory, or if there is more than one, the principle that you will focus on in applying that theory to your question.
  • A brief, general explanation of how the theory and its core moral principle applies to moral questions, using an example different from the issue that is the main focus of your . (For example, if your focus is on how deontology applies to using animals in medical research, you could explain Kant’s moral theory by discussing how it would apply to an issue like lying for the sake of the greater good.)
  • This section should focus only on the ethical theory. For instance, if you are discussing physician-assisted suicide from a utilitarian perspective, this section should only discuss utilitarianism in general terms; you should not discuss physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, or other related topics until the next section.
  • The discussion should be around 300 words and must incorporate at least one quote from the required resources on the ethical theory you have chosen to discuss.  Required resources include the textbook chapter focused on that theory (3, 4, or 5) or the “Primary Sources” listed at the end of Chapters 3-5.

Place this section under the Part 3: Ethical Theory heading.

Part 4: Application of the Ethical Theory

Now that you have explained in general terms the core principle of the ethical theory you are focusing on in this , you will apply that theory and its core principle to your ethical question.

  • Explain as clearly and precisely as you can how that principle leads to a particular conclusion.
  • You can think of that conclusion as the answer someone would most likely give to your question if they were reasoning along the utilitarian, deontological, or virtue ethics lines you explained in Part 3.
  • Note: This conclusion does not need to be the same as the position you stated in the Week 1 assignment. In fact, it could be the opposing position you discussed there. See the remarks about main purpose of the  above.
  • This section should be around 300 words.

Place this section under the Part 4: Application of the Ethical Theory section.

In your Doc,

  • Identify the ethical question.
  • Introduce the topic and question.
  • Explain the ethical theory of utilitarianism, deontology, or virtue ethics.
  • Apply the selected ethical theory to the ethical question.

The Applying an Ethical Theory

Ethical Reasoning

Robert Ponton


PHI 208

Professor Wiseman


Ethical Question

Is it acceptable for a nation to use drone strikes on suspect terrorists, even when they are citizens of other nations with whom we are not in conflict?


Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the use of drone strikes has been disputed. This terrible tragedy led the United States to the decision that we could utilize our relatively new drone technology to carry out such operations for us instead of risking the lives of pilots in distant and dangerous air attacks. The ability to hit a target almost anywhere, at any time, from any location on the earth, is a top priority for the United States Air Force. It’s a widely held misconception that drone strikes cause a huge number of casualties among the civilian population. There is no other weapon system that can match the precision we get from drone assaults, and it has been shown that we can use drone strikes in highly populated areas without causing any collateral damage. When it comes to attacking targets hidden within buildings or other structures, drones have lately shown to be highly successful. Because the payload is so little and the ordinance is computer directed, we can drop a bomb through a building’s roof and kill everyone inside while leaving no survivors. This was proved during the Gulf War, when we showed how precise our bombs were by dropping a bomb through the chimney of a home. The idea that drone attacks are carried out with little or no regard for human life has been propagated by the mainstream media, which claims that anytime an act of war is carried out, civilians are killed in great numbers. This is not the case. As a result of careful planning, none of the airstrikes I’ve seen have resulted in the death of a single innocent civilian, and each one completely wiped out the target without causing any damage to nearby buildings.

Position Statement

Drone strikes conducted by the United States are the most advanced form of airstrike that the United States possesses. With the technology that we possess, we are able to precisely verify, mark, and target terrorists in order to eliminate them without endangering any innocent people in the surrounding area. No other country in the world can make the same claim.

Reasons in Support of Your Position

It is estimated that more than 300 innocent people have been killed as a direct consequence of drone assaults between the years 2015 and the current day. The accuracy of the statistic is directly proportional to the reliability of the source from which it was obtained. On the other side, there have been approximately 10,000 fatalities in Afghanistan alone that have been ascribed to terrorist assaults. This one piece of evidence ought to be sufficient to sway your opinion on the reliability of our airstrikes. The challenge that arises when seeking to get rid of terrorists is that they almost always bring their families with them, making their loved ones vulnerable to the full force of an assault (Jaeger & Siddique, 2018).

Opposing Position Statement

Why should we allow airstrikes to continue if they endanger the lives of women and children who had no involvement in the conflict in the first place?

Reasons in Support of the Opposing Position

How is it possible for us to tolerate any form of accidental casualties? It is entirely unacceptable for anybody to suffer an injury for doing nothing, with the exception of those who are actively acting inappropriately. In the United States, this is referred regarded as “acceptable loss,” but in the United Kingdom, it is called “murder.”


Jaeger, D. A., & Siddique, Z. (2018). Are drone strikes effective in Afghanistan and Pakistan? On the dynamics of violence between the United States and the Taliban. CESifo Economic Studies64(4), 667-697.

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