organ system interrelationship and disease assessment

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Please complete these questions. Using the Skeletal System. This website can be helpful. (Find your system on the left side of the webpage and click on it to access this information).

For this milestone, submit your organ system (The skeletal system) interrelationship and disease assessment to the discussion.

In a bulleted list, describe the homeostatic interrelationship between the primary organ system and one secondary organ system. (Nervous System) Describe one disease or medical illness that affects the primary organ system you are reviewing.

Here is the first discussion I posted, you may use as reference:

The Skeletal System

Anatomical location of the particular organ system

  • The skeletal system in human body performs very crucial work which includes but not limited to offering body support, producing blood cells, facilitating movement and protecting internal organs among others
  • Skeletal system consist of several organs such as muscles, bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons, joints as well as other tissues which connects and supports different tissues and organs.
  • The skeletal system starts right from the bones of the legs to the cranium in the head.
  • It is not an organ that is located at a particular point since it comprises the whole system of the skeleton.

Key anatomical features

  • The key organs found within the skeletal system includes; the bones, spinal cord, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilages among others.
  • Axial skeleton also contains the whole nervous system.
  • Mostly, the skeletal system contains bones hence forms the shape of human body.
  • The various organs located in the skeletal system are connected together by tissues, ligaments, joints and cartilages
  • The connected organs form the whole skeletal system.

Key physiological functions

  • The skeletal system performs a variety of functions in human body.
  • It supports the whole body through the bones.
  • The skeletal system facilitates movement through the muscles and bones.
  • It is very essential in protecting the inner organs which are very delicate.
  • The cranium for instance protects the brains while the axial skeleton protects the whole nervous system.
  • The bones found in the skeletal system contains bone marrow which produces blood cells.
  • Skeletal system also stores minerals and fats and also aids in releasing them to other body tissues and organs.

Histology

  • The key tissues in the skeletal system are cartilages, ligaments and joints.
  • These tissues are used to connect bones hence leading to formation of the whole skeletal system.
  • The bones found in the skeletal system produces both the red and white cells which are later released into the body.

Some interesting facts, findings, or health issues related to this system

  • Since the bones that produces both the red and white cell are located in the skeletal system, it performs very critical role in ensuring the body is able to fight diseases.
  • The white blood cells for instance are known for their core function of fighting disease causing agents.
  • One of the interesting facts about the skeletal system is that, it is located all over the human body from the toes to the cranium in the head

One of the major role of the skeletal system in relation to the nervous system is that of protection. Because of the presence of the skull, the main components of the brain is protected and kept safe from external factors. At the same time, the spinal cord, which is another component of the nervous system, is located in inside the vertebrae, offering it protection against traumatic factors. Proper functioning of the nervous system requires an optimal level of calcium (normal range between 8.6-10.2 mg/dl). Since the bone represents a great deposit of calcium, it is able to release calcium from the deposit when there is a case of hypocalcemia and through this process to maintain the function of the nervous system. Another example of interaction is represented by the sensory receptors at the level of the joints. They determine the position of the body and through the sensory afferent fibers, the impulses are sent to the brain. The brain sends back another impulse through the motor or efferent division to the muscles in order to establish the normal position of the body.

Marieb, E. N., & Keller, S. M. (2018). Essentials of human anatomy & physiology. NY, NY: Pearson.

http://www.histology.leeds.ac.uk/search.php?q=skeletal+system

Feedback from teacher:

Great factoids about the Skeletal System, Summer. Protection is a major function of the bones of our thorax (what’s that?) and nervous system sand you did a good job on the other functions of bone. You need to research the histology of bone like the different cells. There are also two bone tissue in our body as well…organized and tough is compact bone, while spongy bone is structured like a sponge…lots of nooks and crannies. These 2 types are pretty much found in every one of our bones. Bone is also covered by a connective tissue covering called the periosteum…interesting because bone is connective tissue also. I hope you investigate the important purpose of the periosteum in bone repair. The skeletal system is also subdivided into axial and appendicular so be sure to explain that too.

Joints are an indirect component of the Skeletal system because they are formed from 2 bones articulating…this is where the tendons and ligaments come in.. There are 3 main types of joints in the body, but many subtypes…whew that is tiring!

“more details about the breakdown of the skeletal system, and the various types of bone”

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