social impact of tech 3

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Question 1 (5 points)

Which element of nonmaterial culture refers to preferred and expected behaviors?

Question 1 options:

a)

Values

b)

Symbols

c)

Norms

d)

Language

Question 2 (5 points)

A rise in literacy rates across Europe following the Renaissance can be reasonably attributed to an invention by

Question 2 options:

a)

Archimedes.

b)

Ptolemy.

c)

Leonardo da Vinci.

d)

Johannes Gutenberg.

Question 3 (5 points)

The Turing test was designed to test a(n)

Question 3 options:

a)

foreign power’s chances of winning a war.

b)

atomic bomb for energy output.

c)

computer’s capacity to calculate mathematical sums.

d)

machine’s ability to exhibit human-level intelligence.

Question 4 (5 points)

Artifacts are to material culture as _______ are to nonmaterial culture.

Question 4 options:

a)

horses

b)

beliefs

c)

crossbows

d)

statues

Question 5 (5 points)

The Library at _______ contained the world’s largest archive of human knowledge in ancient times.

Question 5 options:

a)

Athens

b)

Cairo

c)

Alexandria

d)

Rome

Question 6 (5 points)

Which statement is true regarding the Venus of Willendorf statue?

Question 6 options:

a)

It tells us something about women in the ancient past.

b)

It’s the only statue known from its time period.

c)

It reveals deep knowledge of female anatomy.

d)

It’s meant to represent a Paleolithic goddess.

Question 7 (5 points)

The first European to round the Cape of Good Hope and proceed onward to India was

Question 7 options:

a)

Vasco de Gama.

b)

Christopher Columbus.

c)

Ferdinand Magellan.

d)

Pedro Alvarez Cabral.

Question 8 (5 points)

What happened immediately following the death of Alexander the Great?

Question 8 options:

a)

His heirs formed a governing council to rule the conquered territories.

b)

A simplified version of the Greek language, koine, was developed to unite the Hellenic realm.

c)

Chaos reigned as Alexander’s heirs fought each other for power.

d)

The conquered territories were united under Muslim rule.

Question 9 (5 points)

In developed countries, technological advances are most closely related to

Question 9 options:

a)

cultural philosophy.

b)

foreign warfare.

c)

applied science.

d)

religious belief.

Question 10 (5 points)

John Harrison, a Yorkshire carpenter, helped solve the longitude problem with the invention of the

Question 10 options:

a)

marine compass.

b)

marine chronometer.

c)

astrolabe.

d)

global positioning system.

Question 11 (5 points)

Dating from about 662 to 750 CE, _______ culture was called the first universal civilization because it allowed for trade over a broad area, thus encouraging an exchange of new ideas for innovations in technology and the sciences.

Question 11 options:

a)

Western

b)

Arabic

c)

Greek

d)

Chinese

Question 12 (5 points)

In painting, chiaroscuro is a technique in which

Question 12 options:

a)

backgrounds become separate from foregrounds.

b)

objects on canvas look three-dimensional.

c)

linear perspectives become distorted.

d)

primary colors are exclusively used.

Question 13 (5 points)

Which event directly marked the end of the Roman Republic and the advent of the Roman Empire?

Question 13 options:

a)

The death of Cleopatra

b)

The Greek defeat in the naval battle at Actium

c)

The fall of the Turkish Empire

d)

Octavian’s ascent to power as Augustus Caesar

Question 14 (5 points)

Our species, Homo sapiens sapiens, appeared on the planet around _______ years BCE.

Question 14 options:

a)

40,000

b)

1 million

c)

1.5 million

d)

200,000

Question 15 (5 points)

The steam engine was originally conceived and built by

Question 15 options:

a)

Thomas Savery.

b)

James Watt.

c)

Thomas Newcomen.

d)

Robert Morse.

Question 16 (5 points)

Cultural concepts about right and wrong are referred to as

Question 16 options:

a)

mores.

b)

folkways.

c)

laws.

d)

taboos.

Question 17 (5 points)

Which statement is true regarding the European medieval period?

Question 17 options:

a)

Traditional technology was favored, so no innovation occurred in the Middle Ages.

b)

New technological advances were imported over trade routes from China.

c)

Traditional technology was favored but innovations like vertical windmills and clockworks were developed.

d)

Technological advances were considered ungodly and unnatural.

Question 18 (5 points)

In ancient Egypt, the rose was meant to symbolize the goddess

Question 18 options:

a)

Venus.

b)

Isis.

c)

Mary.

d)

Aphrodite.

Question 19 (5 points)

Which civilization from the Fertile Crescent region is generally agreed to be the most ancient?

Question 19 options:

a)

Babylonian

b)

Assyrian

c)

Palestinian

d)

Sumerian

Question 20 (5 points)

You’re a resident of Italy during the Renaissance. You believe in critical thinking as key to progress and human freedom. What is your philosophy called?

Question 20 options:

a)

Rationalism

b)

Secularism

c)

Humanism

d)

Platonism

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