ACC 561 / ACC/561 Final Exam (3ST SET) Correct 100% And GoodLuck in Everything 1. _____ refers to ac

ACC 561 / ACC/561 Final Exam (3ST SET) Correct 100% And GoodLuck in Everything

1. _____ refers to accounting information developed formanagers
within an organization.

a. Internal auditing
b. Managerial accounting
c. Financial accounting
d. Tax accounting

2. Ethical accountants are important to society because _____.
a. they pay their taxes
b. the information produced is reliable
c. they will not go to prison and waste taxpayers’ money
d. none of these answers is correct

3. Performance reports _____.

a. are quantitative expressions of action plans
b. provide feedback by comparing results with plans and byhighlighting deviations from plans
c. are deviations from a plan
d. ignore areas that are presumed to be running smoothly

4. Output measures of both resources and activities are _____.

a. cost drivers
b. stages of production
c. fixed activities
d. variable activities

5. An accountant may have difficulty classifying costs as fixed orvariable because _____.

a. costs may behave in a nonlinear way
b. costs may be affected by more than one cost driver
c. the decision situation may cause the costs to be fixed in theshort term
d. all of these answers are correct

6. If the proportions in a sales mix change, the _____.

a. contribution margin per unit increases
b. break even point will remain the same
c. cost volume profit relationship also changes
d. net income will not be altered

7. _____ will decrease a company’s break-even point.

a. Reducing its total fixed costs
b. Decreasing contribution margin per unit
c. Increasing variable cost per unit
d. Decreasing the selling price per unit

8. Costs that change abruptly at intervals of activity because theresources and their costs come in indivisible chunks are called¬¬¬¬¬_____.

a. mixed costs
b. variable costs
c. fixed costs
d. step costs

9. _____ arise as a result of strategic decisions about the scaleand scope of an
organization’s activities.

a. Capacity costs
b. Discretionary costs
c. Mixed costs
d. Engineered costs

10. _____ is the first step in estimating or predicting costs as afunction of appropriate cost drivers.

a. Cost measurement
b. Cost determination
c. Cost behavior investigation
d. Cost driver identification

11. The process of identifying appropriate cost drivers and theireffects on the costs of making a product or providing a service iscalled ¬¬¬¬¬_____.

a. cost prediction
b. cost measurement
c. activity analysis
d. budgeting

12. _____ is not a primary purpose of a cost management system.

a. Providing aggregate measures of inventory value and cost ofgoods sold
b. Providing cost information for strategic managementdecisions
c. Providing cost information for operational control
d. All of these answers are correct

13. Where a specific product is the cost object, the materials usedto manufacture the product
would probably be classified as a(n) _____.

a. direct, variable cost
b. direct, fixed cost
c. indirect, variable cost
d. indirect, fixed cost

14. _____ is a name for a system that first accumulates overheadcosts for each of the activities of an organization, and thenassigns the costs of activities to the products, services, or othercost objects that caused that activity.

a. Activity based costing
b. Cost driver accounting
c. Transaction based accounting
d. Transaction costing

15. _____ is the process of measuring products, services, andactivities against the best levels
of performance.

a. Value-adding
b. Activity-based costing
c. Benchmarking
d. Continuous improvement

16. Couch Company can produce either product A or product B. IfCouch Company produces product A, expected direct material costwould be $24,000. If Couch Company produces product B, expecteddirect material cost would be $24,000. In choosing between thesealternatives, the $24,000 direct material cost is _____.

a. relevant because it is an expected future cost
b. relevant because it is a product cost
c. irrelevant because it is an estimated cost
d. irrelevant because it does not differ between alternatives

17. The choice of the absorption or contribution approach affectsthe manufacturing cost per unit because the manufacturing cost perunit is _____.

a. higher if the absorption approach is used
b. higher if the contribution approach is used
c. the same regardless of the approach
d. independent of the approach

18. The product strategy in which companies first determine theprice at which they can sell a new product and then design aproduct that can be produced at a low enough cost to provide anadequate profit margin is referred to as _____.

a. full costing
b. target costing
c. predatory pricing
d. discriminatory pricing

19. Jack Bowers has paid off the mortgage on his house andcontinues to live in the house. The interest income forgone by notselling the house and investing the proceeds is an example of a(n)_____.

a. sunk cost
b. detrimental cost
c. opportunity cost
d. outlay cost

20. _____ would be a consideration in a make-or-buy decision.

a. Excess capacity
b. Variable factory overhead
c. Rental income from unused facilities
d. All of these answers are correct

21. In deciding whether to add or delete a product, service, ordepartment, the salary of the plant manager is an _____.

a. avoidable fixed cost
b. avoidable variable cost
c. unavoidable fixed cost
d. unavoidable variable cost

22. Depreciation is _____.

a. the periodic cost of equipment spread over the future periods inwhich
the equipment is expected to be used
b. the decline in equipment value due to obsolescence
c. the difference between the original cost and current marketvalue
d. All of these answers are correct

23. Past costs that are unavoidable and unchangeable are known as_____ costs.

a. fixed overhead
b. operating
c. product production
d. sunk

24. A major benefit of effective budgeting is that _____.

a. it compels managers to think ahead
b. it aids managers in communicating objectives to units
c. it provides benchmarks to evaluate subsequent performance
d. all of these answers are correct

25. A sales forecast is _____.

a. a prediction of sales under a given set of conditions
b. the result of decisions to create conditions
c. the same as a sales budget that will generate a desired level ofsales
d. all of these answers are correct

26. Which of the following is not a major benefit of budgeting?

a. Budgeting compels managers to think ahead.
b. Budgeting provides definite expectations that are the bestframework for judging subsequent performance.
c. Budgeting aids managers in coordinating their efforts so theobjectives of the organization as a whole match the objectives ofits parts.
d. Budgeting allows managers to operate day-to-day, reacting tocurrent events rather than planning for the future.

27. Preparing the master budget begins by establishing _____.

a. a targeted balance sheet
b. a targeted income statement
c. the expected cash
d. the expected sales

28. Financial planning models _____.

a. focus on the budgeted balance sheet
b. allow managers to assess the predicted impacts of variousalternatives before final decisions are selected
c. attempt to answer “How come?” questions
d. are extremely accurate, thus lessening the need for managementjudgment

29. A variance is the difference between _____.

a. a budgeted amount and a benchmark amount
b. the required number of inputs for the number of outputs
c. an actual result and a budgeted amount
d. a budgeted amount and a stan¬dard amount

30. Efficiency is indicated by _____.

a. sales-activity variances
b. static-budget variances
c. flexible-budget variances
d. all of these answers are correct

to 54

"Is this question part of your assignment? We can help"